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USEFUL TIPS 3 . . .

Coping with Fear and Stress

I spent 22 years in the Army and in that time I deployed on several overseas operations, all in hostile environments and all involved being placed in stressfull, high pressure environments. However in 2004 I had the crazy idea of attending a parachute course and in April of that year I made my first parachute descent. Despite my previous experiences, it was the most frightening and stressful position I have ever been put in! Now a parachute instructor, I use that experience to train students. I have an understanding of how our mind will work when placed into an environment or situation that we believe to be out of our control, how our minds will cope and ultimately affect how we will behave in a high pressure, stressful situation and how best to cope with that fear.
Although this article focuses mainly on coping with fear and stress from a skydiving perspective, they are exactly the same feelings you may have to deal with in a survival situation.

Skydiving is a so-called ‘dangerous’ sport, yet many will come to the sport precisely in order to meet that personal challenge of fear. In the early stages the competition is mainly against ourselves and our natural survival instincts. Before examining how to overcome fear we should first try to understand it better, in both the causes and the effects. If approached with the right attitude, fear can be used to produce positive results. Fear tends to be felt in three different ways:

Level 1: The butterflies – anticipation, excitement (enjoyable)
Level 2: Fight or flight – High apprehension, nervous agitation (challenging)
Level 3: Frozen – Terror, all consuming eg. panic attacks and catatonia (debilitating)
These are not sharply defined, but are more like shades of grey with level 3 being the darkest.

Level 1: The butterflies
I have met people who say that they don’t feel any fear when jumping. I disagree with this perception! What they probably mean is that they only experience level 1 fear. For non skydiving people to reach this same level, they only have to ride a big rollercoaster’s or go to watch a horror film. This lower level is achieved because of the relative safety of the environment and the certainty of a ‘happy ending’ outcome. You will sit back and enjoy the thrill of the ride. This is usually the nervous anticipation and excitement part of jumping, in the survival situation this could be the ‘what happens now, what am I going to do, what will happen in the future’ stage.

Level 2: Fight or flight
Clearly a skydive is a very different situation. The speed and noise creates a much more hostile environment and, on top of that, we now have to actively participate in our own outcome. The extreme nature of skydiving will throw the majority of people straight into level 2 fear. From the survival perspective this is the level where you will decide either to accept the situation you are in, deal with and be proactive about staying alive and getting rescued or curl up in a ball and hope for the best. Although I would like to add at this point that ‘hope’ is not a plan.
This is the level we will concentrate on as it is at this level where we can modify our behaviour to bring us down closer to level 1.

Level 3: Frozen
Level 3 belongs principally to those who are too scared even to contemplate leaping out of perfectly good aircraft. A small number of those who do come to skydive will experience this by ‘freezing’ in the door or bottling out completely. It’s at this stage that people have been seen sitting amongst the chaos and debris of an earthquake in total disbelief and unable to deal with the situation. Some may even display inappropriate behaviour, collecting flowers instead of helping those injured in the earthquake.

Fight or flight
What are the full implications of being in ‘fight or flight’ mode? Fight or flight hits us at the deepest level. It is a primal instinct for basic physical survival and as such it has a profound effect on our brain chemistry, our sensory abilities and our perception. As our heart rate increases, pumping adrenaline and noradrenalin around our systems, we feel it everywhere and nobody is immune to this effect.
How we manage it determines our reactions and developing a strong mental attitude is essential when trying to counteract the body’s powerful defence mechanisms. Instinctive actions don’t always work in our best interests.
It is ironic that the things our bodies will do to keep us safe are precisely the things that can compromise safety in a skydive. To override our instincts we need to concentrate on mental strategies and learn how to utilise this altered brain state in positive ways. The physical effect of ‘fight or flight’ makes our bodies do everything they can to distract us from the right actions. As the heart pumps harder, our breathing changes as well, we take rapid, shallow breaths, or even hold our breath completely. It has not been unheard of for a student parachutist to stop breathing when in the door seconds from exit! Tension is then created and a high level of preparedness for action when, in fact, we should be trying to be more relaxed.

Controlled breathing
The way we breathe is the key to physical and emotional relaxation. That inner conflict between the body’s natural survival instincts and right, safe action is strongly at work. Controlled, regular breathing patterns have been proven to alleviate pain, tension and stress in many situations.

Projected outcome
In the example of watching a horror movie, we know it isn’t real and we quite rightly can expect no consequence from watching it. Real life is less predictable. The drive to the local supermarket, like many other day-to-day activities, can have tragic results. It’s a sad fact that the media, family and friends will turn their attention to one single aspect of skydiving; the boring reality is that it’s more likely to have a fatal accident on the way to a dropzone than actually on it. Fearful thinking is based on projection of the potential outcome of events. Who can blame us if, in unguarded moments, our minds automatically lock on to the least likely potential outcome . When this thinking combines with our primal need for survival, we create a vicious circle.

Thinking it out
It is a good idea to address physical symptoms first. Techniques learned and used here are involved in mental preparation. Regular practice of any of the established ‘controlled breathing’ exercises such as meditation or self-hypnosis; these exercises will make you consciously aware of your own ‘relaxed’ breathing pattern. If you feel your breathing change you can ‘remind’ yourself to breathe properly. This should enable you to become more physically relaxed and able to focus clearly. With skydiving, leaving the plane is a moment of the highest intensity; heart rates of 200 beats per minute have been recorded. If you find yourself lost in the deepest part of the forest, lost and alone, have a’ condor’ moment, (if you are old enough to remember the advert!). Chill out, relax and think about what needs to be done in order to improve your situation. There are no right or wrong answers, just consequences to your actions.

Mental preparation
By consciously using our minds to regulate our breathing you can change how we feel. Carry that forwards and apply the same technique to the way we think. It is commonly said that 75 per cent of a skydive takes place on the ground. Mental preparation is crucial for all levels of experience, but especially important for the novice who is still dealing with ‘the fear’. Training, knowledge and practice will help with preparation. Having total belief that you can do it means you are already winning the battle. The repetition of sequences of events and/or actions when training for a jump develops muscle memory and consciously familiarises the individual with the skydive which results in the individual trusting the training, visualising the jump and believing their abilities. This, in itself helps to remove some of the tension but it is also an opportunity to practise relaxation strategies. By building an awareness of your breathing and state of relaxation at this early stage it makes thing easier in the air when making the skydive. Rather than thinking about what might happen, focus on what you need to do and what you want to happen. Remember, you are in complete control; everything you do is going to have an effect. Have a fully conscious attitude to your physical relaxation and your mental preparation. If you let your mind wander it will invariably drift towards that unsettling area of projection.

Use your fear

Not many people address the benefits of using fear but here we will, as it is another way to combat its impact. So long as you stay aware of the dangers you will not fall victim to avoidable accidents. Be scared, but let it prompt you into positive action, use fear to make you practice. The experienced skydiver will rarely pass level 1 fear, however that fear of having a malfunctioning canopy ensures that emergency drills and belief in the ability to carry them out correctly ensures that we know we will survive if it came down to it. If the canopy malfunctions that is the time when those troublesome survival instincts that were giving us problems before, turn back in our favour; as long as we know where the emergency handles are they will be used instinctively!

In summary
A skydive and a survival situation are both very similar. They are high stress environments that are dangerous. Accept that you are in a dangerous place and it will trigger fear of some description but you must acknowledge, embrace and use that fear. Train, pursue knowledge, cultivate your skills through practice and this will give you confidence in yourself. In turn you can then make sound judgements and control your emotions, including fear! “Acknowledge and embrace fear. Let it help you to stay safe without letting it interfere with you.”

SURVIVAL TIPS . . .2

Our first lesson is to learn about nature, knowing its demands and moods. We must learn to live in harmony with nature and never fight it. Knowing what time first light is, the phase of the moon, and what direction the prevailing wind blows, will all benefit us in an emergency.Being able to predict the weather will help us make the correct decision whether to carry on or seek shelter. It's always good to know the time of high tide if located by the sea, and know the height difference between high and low tide. Rivers can be tidal, and knowing how far it goes up river will help you negotiate this obstacle. Understanding water sheds will help navigation. Water collects on high ground to run off in small streams, this collection point is called a water shed. As water runs down the high ground it joins other sources, forming streams that eventually run in a set direction. This shapes the land, forming ridges and spurs. The direction of these streams will help you determine which side of the feature you are on. In mountainous/hilly country, keeping to the spurs and ridges is the best route to navigate by. Well defined tracks either man or animal made, follow these routes.
Learning to recognise trees, shrubs, and plants will be beneficial, and interpret ting animal tracks and signs will greatly assist you in a survival situation. Recognising hardwood from soft wood, knowing which specie burns the best, and which makes the best tinder will improve your fire lighting. So armed with as much info as possible we now need to know the bodies requirements. Basically an average person can go 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food, with no lasting effects afterwards, they can be nursed back to full health. All of these times can be contradicted and its good to know what man has endured. A man survived for 20 minutes trapped under ice. A reflex which we are born with (mammalian reflex) trapped air in his brain, and he was successfully resuscitated with no brain damage. A man survived without food for 58 days. He wasn't able to wrestle bears but he survived. A guy in the desert went 8 days without water. He was found unconscious but was successfully hydrated. He is now dependent on supportive medicine, but survived. I use these cases to illustrate the resolve of man. We are all of the same species, and what they achieved we can. It's all down to the WILL TO LIVE.
The WTL is a basic instinct that we are born with It is getting weaker as we become more civilized and dependent on comfort. Call it self preservation, but basically it means never giving in. I tell people that we are never subjected to anything that we cannot deal with. It won't be pleasant but as long as we have this burning desire to live and never give in we will survive. This is the firm foundation that we build our pyramid of learning on. The Will To Live is the firm foundation, with knowledge above this, topped off with kit and equipment. Try to learn something new everyday and have a thirst for knowledge. Be inquisitive and don't be afraid to ask questions. Keep the kit and equipment to a minimum. With experience you soon get to know what is essential and what is surplus. Remember you can have all the knowledge and kit in the world, but without the Will To Live, can still perish in a tight situation. Everyone has loved ones and don't want to let them down. Some people find strength in religion, and to a lesser degree revenge helps strengthen the Will To Live. For what ever reason be determined and don't give in.
Develop a strong mental outlook instead of a passive one. Don't be one of them that say, 'this will never happen to me', everyone is at risk. With knowledge we can survive anywhere on earth. These include the extremes of the Artic, and Antarctic. The heat of the desert and the dangers of a tropical rain forest. The hardest places to survive are the cold areas especially at altitude. Man is a tropical animal and can only survive as born in the tropics. The moment we leave this environment we must provide a tropical climate by wearing clothes. Most creatures migrate in the winter to warmer climes leaving the extremes cold barren places. What we must learn is food, fire, shelter, water, navigation, and medical. Regardless where we are in the world the order of priority of these six elements is the same. We use the acronym PLAN

P is for PROTECTION… First we need protection from further danger. We must get out of the way of impending avalanches, forest fire, or any life threatening risks. Then we need PROTECTION from the elements. Rain and wind in this country, the cold in the Artic, the heat in the desert, and disease in the jungle. So we construct a shelter that will give us this. Fire is part of the shelter. Boiling water will give us protection from disease, and help keep flies and wild animals away.Once we are comfortable we can start relaxing and taking stock of the situation. Although the desire to sleep will be very strong we must implement

L which stands for LOCATION. We want to be found and rescued at the earliest opportunity. So put out signals like SOS, and prepare a signal fire. Always book in and book out with the authorities when on an adventure. Stick to the route and you should be found soon after reported missing. However because of bad weather or loss of a compass, or just bad map reading, you may be far away from the search area. Always stay at the site of the incident as long as it is safe to do so. This way the wreckage can be utilized, and is a bigger signature on the ground that the rescuers can find. Also you may well have injured people that cannot be moved. Pool resources, call the role and nominate individuals to different tasks like collecting fire wood, tending the fire, or constructing signals.

A stands for ACQUISITION of water and food. We forage in the local area for anything that will supplement our survival rations. Water is most precious and supports all forms of life. We need to know how to make our water safe to drink, either by boiling or adding chemicals. We also need to know what we can and cannot eat. The nutritional ladder is plants, fungi, insects, fish, and game. Plants are just a matter of identifying and gathering. Where as to trap game takes a great deal of skill. Insects are an excellent source of fat and protein and easy to gather. Worms's slugs and snails don't sound very appetising but to a starving person offer a life line. There is an edibility test for plants but with fungi it must be positive recognition. If you are not sure leave them alone. Some are deadly and many cause serious medical problems.

N stands for NAVIGATION. After maybe three weeks if you are still not rescued, the chances are that the search has been called off. No matter how well you practice good camp and personal hygiene the area will become soiled. All the local game has either been caught or scared away, and you have to go further a field to find fire wood. This is the time to decide to move. Survival navigation is the art of maintaining a direction without the aid of map or compass. You can use the sun and wind by day, and the stars and moon at night. Medical knowledge is never wasted and a good understanding of the body and knowing how to diagnose and treat illness a real bonus. Look after yourself and monitor other members of your group, identify unusual behaviour and recognise the early symptoms of hypo and hyperthermia. If you are feeling rough it's a fair bet that other members of the group are experiencing the same.

SURVIVAL TIPS . . .3
To be caught in bad weather could be fatal to survival, There is a time to go out or move on and a time to shelter. With the awareness of certain signs, short-term weather predictions can be made to help decide which to do. Before setting out on any activity, try to take note of the weather and any changes that are likely.
Wildlife Indicators - Animals have a great sensitivity to atmospheric pressure which aids them in predicting the weather a day or two in advance. Insect eating birds, such as swallows feed higher in good weather and lower when a storm is approaching. Unusual rabbit activity during the day or squirrels taking more food than usual can all be signs to bad weather approaching. Some other wildlife signs of possible weather changes include cattle grazing downhill, sparrows bathing in sand, fish jumping, frogs creaking and bees staying close to the hive.
Fireside Clues - If the smoke from the camp fire rises steadily, the weather is settled and likely to remain calm. If it starts swirling or being beaten downwards after rising a short way, this can indicate the likely approach of a storm or shower. Wooden tool handles tighten at the approach of stormy weather and Salt picks up increasing dampness in the air and will not run.
Feeling In Your Bones - Curly haired people can find their hair becomes tighter and less manageable as bad weather approaches and the same can happen with animal fur. Anyone with rheumatism, corns or similar ailments can often tell when wet weather is coming by an increase in their discomfort.
Sound and Smell - When wet weather is on the way, sounds tend to carry further than usual and distant noises seem more clear as the moisture laden atmosphere can carry sounds further. But compare like to like and remember sound always travels better over water. The smell of trees and plants can become more distinctive before the arrival of rain as vegetation opens ready to receive it.
Signs In The Sky - "Red at night, shepherd's delight, red sky in the morning, shepherd's warning" is one of the oldest weather sayings. Since the red sun, or a red sky at sunset indicates that the atmosphere holds less moisture it is less likely that rain or snow will occur within the next couple of hours, but equally a red sky in the morning is a fair indication that a storm is approaching. Early morning mist lifting from a valley is a sure sign of fair weather, as is a rainbow in the late afternoon. A Clear night sky is an indication of good, settled weather too. However, at the end of the summer it may also be a warning of frost. Cold air, being heavier than warm air will fill the hollows so avoid camping in them. If you can, learn to observe any wind and pressure changes and keep a record of the weather and the conditions which precede it and what they develop.

SURVIVAL TIPS . . .4

Whether its a desire to see the northern lights, a sense of denture or simply 'just because' the arctic has an allure about it.
The extreme cold of northern Norway, Finland or Sweden is hard to imagine if you haven't experienced it. However, it's a very different cold to the wet cold we have here in the UK in even the harshest winters. It's a very clean crisp cold and a great environment to visit. It makes survival a real challenge but with the right knowledge, skill and a sound understanding of the environment it can be our friend. At -15 C the hairs in your nose freeze as you breathe in and contact with any metal causes instant freeze burns. Remembering the simple things like always wearing contact gloves when touching metal can prevent disaster. Insulating yourself against any of the cold is of paramount importance. Even standing on cardboard rather than the snow will have a noticeable effect. When hands are frozen the ability to do almost anything life saving is severely diminished. Closing Velcro, joining and closing zips all take dexterity all too easily lost by not following the basic rules. To compound that, anything that gets covered in snow gets wet when it thaws in shelter so clearing snow off boots and clothes before entering shelter becomes a habit that must be enforced. If it gets wet and then freezes its useless. All of this administration is especially to prevent freezing cold injuries, the kind that cause frostbite and that's when we start losing fingers, toes and other extremities. It really is a little knowledge and total willpower that’s required to function in this harshest of environments.
Conrad Allen, Trueways Chief Instructor and Arctic Survival Expert.

SURVIVAL TIP 5

The Roman snail (helix promatia), brown garden snail (helix aspersa), and the smaller brightly coloured garden snail (Cepaea nemoralisare) are a fantastic source of food for a survivor. Snails are a good source of Potassium, sodium, iron as well as a large number of essential amino acids and are high in vitamins A, C and D. In the right conditions they can be found in large numbers (ask any gardener!). They can be quickly gathered and are simple to prepare. Once gathered the snails will need to be purged. This is to ensure that anything (possibly poisonous plants) the snails have eaten has been passed. As a survivor I’m always trying to limit the risks that I take. I personally purge my snails for a minimum of 5 days. Once purged there are two ways you can prepare your snails. The first way is to place the snails on the hot embers of a fire, hole facing up. The snail will start frothing a green mucus. Once the frothing has stopped that’s the snail ready to eat. Just pick it out of its shell with a sharp stick and eat. The second way is to boil the snails. Bring a pot of water to the boil and pop your snails in. The water will become very scummy. Don’t worry about changing the water. I boil the snails for 8 minutes. Some of the snails will come out of their shells, some you will have to winkle out. Once cooked the texture of the snail is soft, but surprisingly not overly chewy. They have a very slight shell fish taste, and are ready to eat.

SURVIVAL TIP 6

Before we subject ourselves to a challenging situation, it would be an advantage to know what stresses we are likely to face and more importantly how we will react to them. Being aware of what we will have to deal with will eliminate a lot of uncertainty that can weaken our resolve. By identifying these stresses it’s possible in some cases to eliminate them or formulate a method of dealing with them. The only way you will know how you will react is to experience them. All life is a learning curve which instils knowledge, its called experience which is priceless. Armed with common sense and drawing on experience will get you out of most situations. But how do you get the experience and how will you know what your reactions will be.

The answer is to push yourself to the limit while being carefully monitored. It’s no good if I plan to climb Everest and train for it in the Brecon Beacons. The training must be as hard as, or even harder than the actual adventure. The saying “Train hard fight easy “, is very true. Add to this “you cannot cheat the gym”, will put you in good shape for the big event. You must put the effort in which helps eliminate all the nagging doubts that may jeopardise your success, like am I fit enough, can I carry this weight, am I going in the right direction. It’s of little use when something happens and you say “I wished I had done this, or I should have done that.” So understanding your body will greatly help you overcome adversity. There are many stresses to face all requiring different responses. How do you respond when exhausted? And can I make a decision when soaking wet? Its questions like these that you must ask yourself.
Knowing how you respond to hunger, what is it like to be deprived of sleep, how you react when thirsty. Can you deal with pain, and how do you react to fear. How does the cold affect you and what is your tolerance to heat. Have an idea before you are exposed. The majority of people see fear and pain as a disadvantage, whereas in fact they are positive survival assets. Without these emotions we would do stupid things, and pay the consequences. Fear stops us doing something we are unsure of, or makes us think before we act. Knowledge overcomes fear and once we understand the risks and dangers we can take the necessary precautions overcoming the problem.

Don’t try to hide your fears it is nothing to be ashamed of. The moment you do something dangerous and not get a buzz is the time to stop that pursuit. Fear makes us revise our actions and take notice. Parachutists, climbers and divers all experience apprehension, but they overcome it because they are confident in their preparation, equipment and training. By controlling fear in yourself you can control fear in others. The down side of fear is panic. If it is not checked fear can lead to panic and all is lost. Fear can root you to the spot denying you of all coordination and clouding your judgement. When confronted by an unexpected situation, control your emotions by breathing. Stand tall with the feet shoulder width apart and breathe through the nose for a count of ten. Hold the breath for ten seconds before exhaling forcibly through the mouth to a ten count. This slows everything down allowing you to put things in perspective.

Pain although unpleasant is the way the body cries for help. It draws attention to an injured part to prevent further injury. If we know what’s causing the pain and more importantly how to treat the injury, we can overcome this, or greatly reduce the impact of it. Loneliness and isolation have to be faced. It’s always best to have a companion but you must be able to rely on yourself when the need arises. You can con other people to how good you are but you can’t fool yourself. One of the biggest fears you may have to face is “fear of your own weakness”. So put the effort in leave no nagging doubts that may work against you when the going gets tough. A person in unknown territory or experiencing a new problem can let their imagination run riot. This can lead to illogical behaviour with serious consequences. Knowledge will reinforce self belief giving you confidence eliminating these thoughts. Spend time to run through your proposed adventure, looking for all the dangers. Ask yourself ‘what will I do if this happens’. Imagine the worse possible scenario and come up with a solution. Have a contingency plan which you can execute if things go wrong. This way you won’t be caught out, it’s when you don’t address the problems that mistakes and accidents happen. Failing to plan is planning to fail. Get to know your body and develop your senses. With time you can develop a 6th type of sense which helps keep you safe and make the correct choices. You get a feel for the ground; can forecast the weather, judge distances, and spot potential dangers. Now and again you feel a hunch or get an uneasy feeling, pay attention to these they could save your life. First know how to survive in a temperate zone in all weathers. The cold is probably the hardest to survive in. It numbs the mind and any mistake is unforgiving. Nothing lives permanently in the extreme areas of the world they migrate to more forgiving areas. Only man goes there to exploit mineral wealth. High mountains are devoid of life and problems get greater with altitude. By getting out of our comfort zone we soon learn the essentials and acquire new skills. Don’t let the comfort of home go against you when you find yourself on limited resources. Again it’s only with practice that you will attain these skills that can be applied anywhere, not just in the wilderness.

SURVIVAL TIP 7

WATER

Water is the key to survival, every living thing on earth is dependant on it. We can go thirty days without food but only three days without water before serious problems occur. Even resting in a temperate environment, just normal body functions like breathing, sweating and urinating will help you loose up to two pints of water every twenty four hours. This must be replaced otherwise we get in a deficit situation where losing water quicker than we can drink it, leads to dehydration. If working hard or exposed to high temperatures much more water is lost. Also any illness which causes high temperatures, or vomiting, will further increase this loss. Injuries such as bleeding or burns also cause fluid loss. Dislocations and sprains can produce swellings which draws fluids from vital organs, causing an imbalance which must be compensated for.
Even in the cold areas of the world especially at altitude, we lose substantial amounts of fluid which must be replaced as we lose it. The body responds to small variations of temperature and as it rises deposits sweat on the surface of the skin. As this evaporates, body heat is lost and the temperature reduced. This is a continuous process and the amount of water lost is in proportion to the amount of heat generated. The greater the exertion the higher the loss. In a water scarce situation the answer is ‘RATION YOUR SWEAT NOT YOUR WATER’.
Water must be replaced as the body can only afford to lose so much before its efficiency is reduced. The first obvious signs of dehydration are thirst and a dry mouth. If untreated this leads to headaches and dizziness. As more water is lost the skin becomes flushed and pulse rate increases. Nausea and lethargy impairs general performance. Next speech becomes indistinct and tingling in the limbs occurs. The tongue gets swollen and in the advanced stages of dehydration the skin shrivels much the same as hands do when immersed for a long time in water. Urine output is non existent and deafness and dim vision adds to the misery.
Every bodily function is dependent on body fluids. Digesting food, temperature control, breathing, and getting rid of body wastes to name a few. Keeping an eye on the colour of urine and the quantity that’s passed is way of ensuring you drink sufficient fluids. Urine should be light yellow in colour, and it’s a sure sign that fluid intake should be increased if its dark with a strong odour and painful to pass. When we dehydrate we draw fluid that surrounds the vital organs. The brain is protected by surrounding water, when this is drawn off severe headaches occur. (Much the same as a hangover). The liver and kidneys struggle to carry out their tasks as water is denied them, resulting in great discomfort and nausea. An average adult’s body is 80% fluid. The body contains roughly a pint of fluid for every stone in weight. A man weighing 11 stone will have approximately 11 pints of fluid.

A 5% loss of fluid causes, thirst, irritability, and nausea.
A 10% loss results in dizziness, headache, inability to walk and tingling in the limbs
A 15% loss results in dim vision, painful urination, swollen tongue and deafness.
Any greater loss may result in death.

When water is plentiful, drink as required, however a word of caution. Don’t drink very cold water when hot, as this can lead to colic. When abroad beware of ice served in some establishments. If it’s produced from a questionable source it will be full of harmful bacteria. Freezing does not destroy the germs, allowing them to activate as they warm up. Try to drink enough liquids to maintain a urine output of at least half a litre daily. Take frequent sips wetting the lips and holding it in the mouth before swallowing.There is a danger that when a lot of body fluids are lost, body salts (electrolytes) are also lost. There are special isotonic drinks available that replace all of these losses and if training hard should be included in your diet. They should also be part of your survival kit. When water becomes available again after a period of rationing, make up a drink by adding a small pinch of salt to a litre of water and add a generous amount of sugar. The sugar helps this fluid to be absorbed quickly into the system.

PREVENTING DEHYDRATION
Always drink water when eating. This will aid digestion.
Acclimatize. If travelling to a hot climate, take it easy initially till used to the heat.

WHEN WATER IS SCARCE
Start rationing immediately.
Stay in the shade insulated from the ground
Don’t eat
Don’t smoke
Keep the body covered.
Don’t do any arduous tasks.

Use any foul water. ie. Urine or water from vehicle radiator, to dampen clothing. Stay calm both physically and mentally. The only water that we don’t treat is rain catchment; all other sources must be sterilized by either boiling or chemicals. Boiling is best but it does require a utensil to hold the water and a fire to heat it. This is no problem in camp but when on the move unpractical. There are two main chemicals used to sterilize water, chlorine and iodine. In the UK we use chlorine but the Americans prefer iodine. This is more expensive and they claim more effective. However it has limitations. Pregnant women and any one suffering from goitre should not use it. I have used chlorine all of my life and found it adequate. Before adding any chemical, it is best to filter the water especially if it is full of sediment. To make an improvised filter take a sock, fill the bottom third with sand, the next third with charcoal, and the remainder with grass or moss. Pour the water through using a container to collect it. The larger flotsam will be caught in the grass or moss. Charcoal is an excellent filter medium it will take away the muddy taste and sweeten the water, next the sand traps the smaller particles. Although the filtered water looks clear it is full of microscopic bacteria. Add the chemical following the instructions.

Potassium Permanganate can also be used to treat water. It is an essential part of any survival kit. It is a versatile chemical that can be used for fire lighting, anti septic, anti fungal , and marking the trail. To treat water it is done by solution. Add the smallest crystal initially allowing it to fully dissolve. When the water turns pale pink the water is ready to drink. Make sure the chemical has fully dissolved.

Lofty Wiseman -Truways Survival Expert
Trueways Survival playing cards include over 200 essential survival tips, from the worlds most respected survival expert and are included with every Survival Course gift pack.

SURVIVAL TIP 8 Survival Navigation

In the late fifties a light aircraft took off from the east coast of America and flew to California. On board were a family of three; father (pilot), mother and 15 year old daughter. On the way the aircraft developed a minor problem which the father got fixed when he landed. After two days he decided to give the aircraft a test flight taking his family with him. This is when he made his first mistake; he didn’t file a flight plan. He flew over the Trinity Mountains in North California, when the aircraft developed engine trouble forcing him to make an emergency landing. With skilful flying he landed the aircraft leaving the three occupants with minor cuts and abrasions. The aircraft suffered greater damage ripping off the wings, wheels and tail plane. The Trinity Mountains is a remote, rugged area, heavily forested. There are lakes and many rivers which are stocked with trout and salmon. It is home to a variety of wildlife including, bears, deer, lizards, chipmunks, and the odd mountain lion. There are also many species of birds. The airport in California thought that the family had returned to the East coast, so no search and rescue was organised .The East coast presumed they were still on holiday so no alarm was raised there. The area where they crashed was boxed by four roads not further than 50 miles away in any one direction. State highway 299 was to the South. State highway 3 was to the east. Logging and mining roads were to the North and South of their position They set up a survival camp waiting rescue, unaware that none was instigated. The second mistake he made was he never carried an emergency beacon. Water was plentiful, fire wood abundant, and some wild foods not too hard to obtain. A good thing was they kept a diary which recorded their actions. After six days the father decided to go for help and was never seen again. The diary run out after 55 days but the two women could have survived a lot longer. The pages made more depressing reading as they anxiously awaited rescue. Five years later the crash sight was discovered by back packers. Scattered human bones were found confirming they had been eaten by bears. Experts examining the site reckon that the mother and daughter gave up the will to live.This story confirms that the family had the ability to survive but did not have the ability to navigate. Survival navigation is the art of maintaining a direction without the aid of a map or compass. If you have a map and a compass use them. People do the strangest of things in a survival situation. They have been known to break up a lifeboat to build a raft

REMINDER
Nobody should venture out without a map or compass. Seal the map in a plastic bag and keep in a trouser pocket. Tie the compass to you, so you are never separated from this essential piece of equipment.
WORDS OF WISDOM
You can go north with a touch of east, and south with a touch of west, but you cannot go north with a touch of south. (Only Army officers can do this).
BY DAY
By Day we can use the sun, wind and plant growth to help us determine a direction. The sun is foolproof and does exactly the same every day. Regardless of what hemisphere you are in, the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. By observing the suns shadow, we can work out where North is. Dig a straight stick about a foot long into the ground in a clear space, and observe the movement of the shadow. If the shadow moves in a clockwise direction we are north of the sun, and if the shadow moves anti clockwise we must be south of the sun.
The sun is above the equator on the 21 March and the 21 December. This gives us our four seasons. As the sun moves northwards reaching the Tropic of Cancer on the 22nd June, it gives us summer in the Northern hemisphere and winter in the Southern Hemisphere. It causes 24 hours of light at the North Pole and 24 hours of darkness at the South Pole. As the sun retreats back to the equator we get autumn. As it goes further to the tropic of Capricorn we get winter. When the sun is over Capricorn we have 24 hours of darkness at the North Pole and 24 hours of light at the South Pole.
SHADOW TIP METHOD
Dig in a stick as upright as possible in a clear patch of ground. Note the extent of the shadow and mark it with a pebble. Wait about 15 minutes and mark the new shadow tip, it will have moved in a clockwise direction. Draw a line between the pebbles and you have a east west line.
WATCH METHOD
Point the hour hand at the sun and bisect the angle between the hour hand and the 12 o’clock mark. This will give you a north /south line.
DIRECTION FROM THE WIND
Sand dunes, snow drifts, and waves on lakes are all sculptured by the prevailing wind. Some exposed trees are shaped by this, so if you know the direction of the wind you can use these indicators for direction finding. In this country the prevailing wind is South Westerly
MOON
The moon has no light of its own but reflects the light from the sun. It can be used to maintain a direction much the same way as the sun. If the moon rises before the sun has set the illuminated side will be towards the west. If the moon rises after midnight the illuminated side will be towards the east. It’s worth knowing the phases of the moon as it not only gives us light to navigate by but also affects tides.
STARS
The stars have been used for centuries for navigation. The early explores had great knowledge of the many constellations using them to discover the world. In the Pacific, islanders would wait for a particular star to appear which they would follow knowing it would lead them to a specific island. Every star in the sky is moving staying in the same relationship to each other night after night. The only star that does not appear to move is the North Star.(Polaris) This star which is only seen in the Northern hemisphere orbits above the north pole. It is not the brightest star in the sky and needs other stars to indicate its location. The three main constellations we use for this are; the Plough, Cassiopeia, and Orion.
The Plough is made up of 7 stars which at times look like a question mark Use the top two stars to draw a line which points to Polaris. It is roughly 4 times the distance between these two stars to Polaris. Orion is easily identified by the three bright stars equally spaced . These are boxed in by 4 other stars forming the constellation. Orion is always in the southern sky, and by drawing a line from the top and bottom star forming the box the North star is found. Cassiopeia is shaped like a W and is formed by 5 stars. From the left, bisect the third and fifth star using the fourth star as the centre line and these points to Polaris. Once these constellations are pointed out to you they will remain firmly fixed in your head. Observe the night sky it is fascinating and try to use these indicators to build up your confidence in navigation. Even with a map and compass, still use the stars as they give constant confirmation of your bearing. Compasses have a built in error but nature is spot on. Keep on the right path and remain orientated. Try not to become geographically embarrassed, but it happens to the best of us. Learn from these mistakes and many unnecessary miles will be avoided.

My new book Operation Lavivrus is now available from itunes, Test your wits at key points in the story to see if you’d survive Operation Lavivrus, and make it home alive. I integrated optional questions throughout the story to give you the opportunity to test yourself against the best. The country is on alert – Britain is at war with Argentina over the Falkland Islands, and SAS soldiers Peter and Tony find themselves in a military research centre being briefed in the use of a top-secret device. That’s the easy part. Part of an 8-man team, they parachute into Argentina – but the drop-off goes wrong. Tony and Peter, separated from the others, are forced to use every trick they know to evade a determined and intelligent Argentinean officer throwing men and resources at the problem of finding the operatives. What follows is a masterclass in escape and evasion in one of the world’s toughest climates – but will they make it out alive? A thrilling story that even the most experienced survivalists will be sure to be moved by—and pick up tips from.

SURVIVAL TIP 9
The Importance of Survival Training

Survival training is probably the best insurance policy you can take out. Unlike life insurance which doesn’t guarantee you will live longer, the skills learned on a survival course do. There are many books published on the subject which are a great source of knowledge, hopefully wetting the appetite to learn more. But survival is a practical subject and there is no substitute for going outdoors and practicing these skills. It’s essential that you realise what you can achieve and not impose limitations on yourself. By watching how the experts do it will give you confidence and talking to the right people will help dispel any fears or reservations. Learn about yourself getting to know how the different stresses and problems affect you. You will only achieve this by experiencing these hardships and pushing yourself to the limit.To safely do this enrol on a survival course where you will be carefully monitored. Initially leaving your comfort zone can be quite daunting but as confidence builds up it becomes rewarding. It changes your whole outlook on life, you start looking for new challenges knowing there is no problem that you cannot handle. You quickly realise what is essential, how to dress, and what equipment to carry. Coping with all the dangers that Mother Nature throws at you, while on limited resources, will teach you how to improvise and adapt. The more you practice the easier it becomes. Experience helps you develop self belief and confidence. Being familiar with a survival tin, knowing what to put in it and how to use it greatly improves your chance of survival. It gives you the ability to make or acquire the six major elements of survival; food, fire shelter water, navigation and medical, this is priceless. Never leave home without it. Whether walking the dog, ballroom dancing, or crossing the Atlantic, take it with you.There is a lot of comfort in the tin. The more times you light a fire or erect a shelter, the easier it becomes the next time. Practical experience cannot be found in books, so get outdoors and practice. You should have the ability to be able to light a fire under all conditions, and utilize every calorie that the fire produces. Knowing how to conserve fuel, and relighting the fire when required is a basic requirement. Having the capability to recognise edible plants ensures you will never go hungry. Avoiding all the poisonous plants, fungi, and insects will save you a lot of grief. Preserving food will ensure you always have something to fall back on when foraging or hunting is unsuccessful. Whatever you gather put some aside for a rainy day.

Obstacle crossing should be second nature, whether it’s a mountain, lake or river. Life is full of risks and we always risk the least. Selecting the best crossing point, or the easiest climb can eliminate a lot of the dangers. This only comes with practice. Never underestimate the power of water, appearances can be deceptive. A calm surface can hide an under lying current. Never dive into water without first checking the depth. Cold water can sap the strength of the strongest swimmer causing them to get into difficulties. It’s not adequate just to wear a buoyancy aid if operating on cold water. The cold is the killer and people die of hypothermia rather than drowning. An immersion suit is essential. In a survival scenario you are unlikely to have such a luxury so stay out of the water and construct a raft, rather than trying to swim.

Navigation or the lack of it is responsible for many survival situations. Remaining orientated will save you many unnecessary miles. Map reading is a skill but navigation is the art of selecting the easiest and safest route. Avoiding dangerous areas, and paying attention to the weather which can greatly affect your progress. Keeping out the wind, using the lee side of features, and knowing where the next source of water is, should be instinctive. Get used to studying the ground and interpret the map to gain as much information as possible. Medical training is never wasted. The more knowledge you have the safer you will be. Knowing how to deal with injuries is a great confidence booster. Knowing what’s causing the pain and knowing how to deal with it, will ensure a speedy recovery and help maintain your health. Wearing appropriate clothing and carrying the correct equipment greatly reduces the many dangers the outdoors has to offer. It may take time and a few adjustments to get this right but only trial and error will help achieve this. Take advice but what may suit one person may not be good for you. Keep on trying till you’re satisfied.So starting from scratch there is so much to learn and we never stop this process, but constantly strive to improve our skills, performance, and equipment. Although these factors greatly improve our chances they are not enough. We must have the will to live and the determination to never give in regardless of the situation that we may find ourselves in. The Will To Live (WTL) is a basic instinct that is getting weaker as we get more civilized. By comparing ourselves to past generations we will see how soft and reliant on technology we have become. We now have adequate diet, hi tech clothing, central heating and double glazing. We tend to use the car for every journey, and don’t even have to get out of the chair to turn the TV over. Children spend hours playing computer games instead of playing sport or enjoying the outdoors. When these comforts are denied us they can seriously weaken our resolve leaving us unable to endure the hardships and stresses in a crisis. Its easy to judge how physically fit we are but difficult to gauge how mentally fit we are. A strong mental attitude that does not accept defeat will help you through difficult times. Don’t have a passive outlook saying ‘this can never happen to me’. Everyone is at risk. Always analyse what you intend doing. Asses the risks and ask yourself ‘can I deal with these’. Imagine what can possibly go wrong and form a contingency plan. Things rarely go as planned so be flexible and adjust as required.Its good to have a mate and safer than travelling alone.

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LifeStraw Saves Those Without Access to Clean Drinking Water

More than a billion people don't have reliable access to clean drinking water. Boiling kills most germs in water, but requires fuel and doesn't remove dirt. In recent years, sand and ceramic filters have become more common, but these tend to be more expensive and usually don't catch all the microbes.
So many of the poor worldwide simply drink dirty water.
As a result, about 1.5 million children die of diarrhea each year.
A new generation of cheap and effective water purifiers including Pureit (made by Unilever) and Swach (made by an Indian company, Tata, with a novel rice-husk ash filter) can remove nearly all water-borne pathogens without electricity.
But LifeStraw, produced by the Swiss company Vestergaard Frandsen, was designed for the poorest of the poor. The personal version works like a chunky drinking straw and can filter about 1,000 liters, enough to keep a person hydrated for a year.
The family version - which looks something like an IV drip that ends in a water cannon - can purify 18,000 liters, serving a typical family for about three years.
Until now these filters have mainly been given away through aid groups aftersuch disasters like the Haitian earthquake and in chronically poor countries like Mozambique and Myanmar.
Nearly a million of the family-size LifeStraw have been donated in Kenya alone this year. In exchange, the company will receive carbon credits for reduced emissions from wood-burning fires often used to boil water.
The personal LifeStraw entered the market as a consumer product last week in North America, and a new version of the family purifier will be sold next year in India.
Meanwhile, LifeStraw creators are working on something that might be considered designer water for the poor: a filter that dispenses clean water fortified with zinc.

LifeStraw Water Filter/Purifier
LifeStraw is a state-of -the-art water filter / purifier that removes 99.9% of waterborne
bacteria and protozoan cysts.
Utilising Swiss microfiltration membrane technology, this filters down to 0.2 microns
and therefore removes Giardia (common in Australia & New Zealand).

 



The LifeStraw Personal:

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Great ideas for solar cooking and living . . .

Solar kettle - heats and boils water using sunlight

Best Solar oven

Portable solar oven - carry it anywhere!


Solar lighter - no need for matches - use this to light fires for cooking etc.

 

Solar hot water system for camping

SolarBolic cooker for outdoor cooking

 

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Life After An EMP Attack: No Power, No Food, No Transportation, No Banking And No Internet

Most Americans do not know this, but a single EMP attack could potentially wipe out most of the electronics in the United States and instantly send this nation back to the 1800s.
If a nuclear bomb was exploded high enough in the atmosphere over the middle part of the country, the electromagnetic pulse would fry electronic devices from coast to coast.
The damage would be millions of times worse than 9/11.
Just imagine a world where nobody has power, most cars will not start, the Internet has been fried, the financial system is offline indefinitely, nobody can make any phone calls and virtually all commerce across the entire country is brought to a complete stop.
A nation that does not know how to live without technology would be almost entirely stripped of it at that point.
Yes, this could really happen. An EMP attack is America’s “Achilles heel”, and everyone around the world knows it.
It is only a matter of time before someone uses an EMP weapon against us, and at this point we are pretty much completely unprepared.

The sad thing is that we are spending hundreds of billions of dollars hunting down “terrorists” in caves on the other side of the globe and we have been told that because of “national security” it is necessary for our private areas to be touched before we are allowed to get on an airplane, but our government is doing essentially nothing to address what is perhaps our biggest security vulnerability.

What would you and your neighbors do if the power went out and it did not ever come back on?
What would you do if an EMP attack happened in the middle of the winter and you suddenly were not able to heat your home any longer?
What would you do if all the electronics in your car got fried and you simply could not drive anywhere?
What would you do if all the supermarkets in your area shut down because food could not be transported across the country anymore?
What would you do if you were suddenly unable to call your family and friends for help?
What would you do if you were suddenly unable to get the medicine that you needed?
What would you do if your debit cards and credit cards simply did not work any longer and you could not get any of your money out of the bank?
What would you do if all of these things happened all at once?
A single EMP attack would be the worst disaster that the United States has ever seen by far.
An electromagnetic pulse could potentially fry the vast majority of all the microchips in the United States. In an instant, nearly all of our electronic devices would be rendered useless.
Yes, the federal government knows all about this. The following excerpt is froman April 2008 report by the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack….
“The consequences of lack of food, heat (or air conditioning), water, waste disposal, medical, police, fire fighting support, and effective civil authority would threaten society itself.”
Most of us have become completely and totally dependent on electricity and technology. Without it, most of us would be in huge trouble.

The following is how an article in the Wall Street Journal described the potential consequences of an EMP attack….

No American would necessarily die in the initial attack, but what comes next is potentially catastrophic. The pulse would wipe out most electronics and telecommunications, including the power grid. Millions could die for want of modern medical care or even of starvation since farmers wouldn’t be able to harvest crops and distributors wouldn’t be able to get food to supermarkets. Commissioner Lowell Wood calls EMP attack a “giant continental time machine” that would move us back more than a century in technology to the late 1800s. It wouldn’t be so bad if we had the knowledge and the infrastructure to live the way that they did back in the 1800s, but today that is simply not the case. Dr. William Graham was Ronald Reagan’s science adviser and the chairman of the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Dr. Graham believes that in the event of a large scale EMP attack, the vast majority of Americans would either freeze, starve or die from disease. According to Graham, in the aftermath of an EMP attack life in America “would probably be something that you might imagine life to be like around the late 1800s but with several times the population we had in those days, and without the ability of the country to support and sustain all those people.”

Would you be able to survive?


All of those big bank accounts may never be able to be recovered after an EMP attack. Your money might be instantly fried out of existence.
The following is what Graham believes would happen to the financial system in the event of an EMP attack….
“Most financial records are stored electronically. ATMs, which depend upon both power and telecommunications, would not be available; banks, which try to back up records but in general aren’t strongly aware of the EMP problem, would face the problem of unprotected storage and computer systems”
This is the danger of having a financial system that is so dependent on technology. We may wake up one day and find that all the money is gone. But if an EMP attack actually happened, the biggest concern for most of us would be trying to figure out how to survive.
The president of the Center for Security Policy, Frank Gaffney, is convinced that a single EMP attack could result in the deaths of the vast majority of the population of the United States….

“Within a year of that attack, nine out of 10 Americans would be dead, because we can’t support a population of the present size in urban centers and the like without electricity”
Are you starting to get a feel for the scope of the problem?
The sad thing is that so much could be done to protect this country from an EMP attack. Right now, most vital U.S. military infrastructure has at least some protection from an EMP attack. But the general population has been left completely and totally vulnerable.
It has been estimated that the entire power grid could potentially be protected for about 20 billion dollars. Considering the fact that we have spent over 400 billion dollars in Afghanistan, I think that we could afford it. We have spent our national security dollars very, very badly and someday it is going to come back to bite us in the rear end.
Right now, other nations around the world are working feverishly to develop EMP weapons. The following is from a statement by Dr. Peter Vincent Pry to the United States Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Homeland Security on March 8th, 2005….

Russian and Chinese military scientists in open source writings describe the basic principles of nuclear weapons designed specifically to generate an enhanced-EMP effect, that they term “Super-EMP” weapons.
“Super-EMP” weapons, according to these foreign open source writings, can destroy even the best protected U.S. military and civilian electronic systems.
But it is not just Russia and China that have been developing “Super-EMP” weapons. According to Newsmax, it is believed that North Korea may have tested a “Super-EMP” weapon back in 2009….
North Korea’s last round of tests, conducted in May 2009, appear to have included a “super-EMP” weapon, capable of emitting enough gamma rays to disable the electric power grid across most of the lower 48 states

Remember, all it would take is one strategically placed EMP attack to wipe out this nation.

But an EMP weapon is not the only danger that can produce this type of effect. The truth is that a really bad geomagnetic storm could also potentially producealmost as much damage.
This is something that everyone knows is one of our biggest vulnerabilities and it is something that we can make preparations for.
Yet the Bush administration and the Obama administration have just stood there and have done nothing. Our idiocy is astounding.
General Eugene Habiger, the former head of U. S. Strategic Command, has said the following about the possibility of an EMP attack in the future….
“It is not a matter of if, it is a matter of when.” Remember, this is something that could cause millions times more damage than 9/11 did.
Instead of molesting old ladies at airports and chasing goat herders around the mountains of Afghanistan, perhaps we should be addressing our largest security vulnerabilities. But that would require using some common sense. Sadly, common sense seems to be in very short supply in Washington D.C. these days.

So if the government is not going to do anything about it, that means that it is up to you to prepare yourself and your family. This world is becoming very unstable and disasters can strike at any time.
We all saw what happened after Hurricane Katrina. The government response was a nightmare. An EMP attack would be millions of times worse and the federal government probably would not even be able to get you and your family any assistance.

You would truly be on your own.

So are you ready?

This is yet another reason why the number of preppers in the United States is exploding. A lot of people can see how the world is changing and they understand that the federal government is not going to come through for them when the chips are down. An EMP attack could end life as we know it at any time.

It is a glaring security vulnerability and the entire world knows that it is there.

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MAKING YOUR OWN ELECTRICITY

There is a way to generate natural, clean energy that was discovered by Nikola Tesla at the turn of the century… and it is still just as impressive today as it was back then.
Tesla discovered that you could actually use the sun’s energy to produce electricity… instead of using the sun’s rays (as you do with solar panels).
The sun is constantly radiating energy – even when your skies are dark, the sun is still shining onto earth somewhere… and it is constantly radiating this energy onto earth.
And Earth just constantly absorbs this energy… the problem is that most of the energy gets rebounded back into space.
Watch this video to see how a man managed to set up a small-scale generator in his home and what you could make, following EnergyByTesla Solution:

 

 

For more info visit: http://trakim.biz/bw21

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The Most Dangerous Situations In The World!
Probably the most perilous predicament to be in during a panic is not having the basics of everyday living. Americans depend on drug stores, grocery stores and hardware stores. But think about what it would be like if… ALL of them were closed. Listen: When desperate people can’t get what they want… when they want it… they tend to freak out. That’s life in America when the stores ARE open. Think about millions of spoiled rotten American consumers staring at “CLOSED” signs on all the stores they normally depend on. Some Stores Will Close Completely During the coming food shortage, folks will really panic which will make matters worse by a factor of a hundred. Faced with closed stores, some people will give up altogether… and wait for the government to save them. Others will get weapons and take from those weaker than they. As we have learned in recent history in the U.S., hungry people don’t hesitate to take what they want.But the report shows you a dozen devastatingly powerful but simple ways that can get you out of any situation like this - that's right, ANY shortage or crisis - in an instant! Plus, this report "turns the table on both the grid and the system”!This information can only be found in this report. No one outside of the writer has access to this information. Honestly… you will be among a handful of people on the planet who are privileged to have this knowledge!One of the things the report tells you to buy (which I can guarantee you've never seen before) can easily be the one single thing that keeps you alive! The report also discusses society’s “pressure points" that you must watch for to alert you of the coming storm. If you do, you’ll predict panics and be able to prepare for trouble…Ahead Of The Crowd!
Even if you are caught with no food in the house, this report shows you easy ways to use your imagination and a little ingenuity to come up with more food than you can possibly eat. Then, the report shows you what to do in the event you have to get the hell out of Dodge! Knowing when and how to evacuate becomes pretty darn important in a breakdown.Or if you find yourself in a flood, tornado or earthquake – the report tells you how to get to safety in a hurry.Or if you find yourself confronted by “desperate” strangers. Hungry People Quickly Become Desperate People Plus, you'll learn how to turn an ordinary garden into a survival garden and grow enough food for everyone.And here's a nasty situation to be in: You need food right away. Stores are closed and your house is completely out of food. The report shows you how to find a source of food that 99 out of 100 people won’t know about. And find it fast. Frankly, almost no one has a way out of this predicament. But the report has a clever section that enables you to have plenty of “new found” food when you need it most. This is awesome.The report also shows you… •What to do when the power goes out.
•How to make sure your family gets plenty of critical proteins.
•8 survival habits that can save your life.
•Exciting reasons to reconsider a solar backup.
•Why you need more water in a crisis.
•How to deal with severe cold!
•Fascinating, clever and "dirty" little tricks that enable you to escape desperate situations!
•Crucial ways to keep your pets alive in a melt down.
•Cheap and easy “tools” to stock for self-defense when hunger hits the public.
•And much, much more.
The best part is… you don’t have to be a backwoodsman to get going and get prepared.And most importantly you’ll learn… The Top 77 Items That Instantly Vanish From Store Shelves In A Panic!
As you can imagine, survival after the crisis hits is going to be deadly business. The writer of this report has been involved in more than his fair share of high-intensity, life-or-death "survival situations" where you never carried food but always had to eat. In a way, crisis survival is a little like hand to hand combat. That's why “Gone Before You Get There" is so perfectly suited for keeping you alive in a modern melt down. This is NOT a game. It's definitely not for wimps. It's a "take no prisoners" survival system that assures you and your family will survive in relative comfort when it gets tough. How Will The Average American React To Empty Shelves And Shortages? Listen: When it comes to our families, we want a system that will keep them safe, and well fed.And That's How It Should Be!
“Gone Before You Get There”- I believe - is superior to all the other survival reports and systems we've ever seen and read. (I know I'm going to piss a lot of people off by saying that, but it's what I believe in my heart.)I've looked at it from all angles, and this is the survival system I would trust with my life.Seriously… with all the weird stuff that's been going on around here lately (I'm not comfortable telling you everything right now)… it's obvious that someone doesn't want you to have this report.And when you read “Gone Before You Get There”, you'll know why.Listen, I don’t want to draw a lot of attention to myself when I make this report available to our customers. I've got to be very careful how I go about this. I don’t want to take the chance of creating too many red flags and getting my name on an “enemies” list again.Fortunately, since I’m now offering this report as a digital download I can now fill the orders more rapidly. This letter is going out to several people like you who are "chomping at the bit" for more ways to become prepared while the general public is fast asleep. I would encourage you to take action while it’s fresh in your mind. Who knows what will trigger the next crisis. Don't Be Left Out!
I would hate to have you miss out on this report - especially when I know how important this information can be to your personal safety and well-being. But I also have to look out for my safety and well-being… and right now I think I might be on someone's "target" list.If I can get this information to you now, instead of later, I’d feel a whole lot better. Not that I'm asking you for a "favor." I wouldn't do that. I want you to buy this report for your self-preservation, not mine. But my strategy is to get this into the public before anything strange happens.That's one of the reasons I'm going to give you an attractive price discount on this report. The other reason is that it's a "rough cut" with a few imperfections in it (because that's all we have to go with). You probably won't even notice them though unless you're a high school English teacher. Save $20 If You Order Now!
Now I must confess something: This report isn't "perfect" in its present state, and I don't feel right selling it to you at full price. Normally, I would sell it for $40.00. But right now, I'm going to let it "fly" out of here for the very low (and affordable) price of only $20 when downloaded digitally, or you can have a hard copy of the report mailed to you for $20, plus $5.00 shipping, (order total for hard copy: $25.00).You can't beat that price - and you can't beat the awesome survival insurance you'll get from this life-saving report "Gone Before You Get There.” It’s subtitled “77 Items You Must Have… That Instantly Vanish From Store Shelves In A Panic.”
Look — you don't risk a penny checking this amazing report out for yourself, and seeing what all the fuss is about. All you need to do is click on the "Buy" button below right now. It's a perfectly safe encrypted shopping cart that NO ONE has access to but me.

What I Needed...
... besides a big kick in the backside, was Solutions From Science's manual Gone Before You Get There.The report shows you a ton of ways to get out of any mess that a panic driven shortage or meltdown may bring your way. Like when the power goes out and it's freezing cold outside. The report shows you how to stay warm when everyone else is getting cold! You'll also learn...
The things you absolutely must have in your house before any crisis strikes.
How to have all the pure drinking water you need without buying an expensive filter!
Which 3 food items have an almost indefinite shelf life
4 grains that have a two year shelf life Gone Before You Get There covers short-term and long-term preparation needs. It covers everything from natural disasters to bug-out situations. For example:
What do you do when the power goes out?
What are the 8 survival habits that can save your life?
Why do you need more water in a crisis?
How do you keep your pets alive?
What are the 77 items that leave the store shelves the quickest in an emergency?
What items need to be on any preparedness list? Gone Before You Get There answers these questions and many more. It provides you with solutions for many disaster situations you may encounter. In addition, it gives you a list of items that needs to be on anyone's preparedness list, as well as an appendix of valuable resources and websites to help you prepare for any emergency.In the middle of a crisis, when the meteorologist is telling you to head for the hills, is not the time to begin looking for supplies. Order your copy of Gone Before You Get There today, to prepare yourself for the uncertainty of tomorrow.Help a friend by forwarding this newsletter to them!

Follow these basic steps to develop your family disaster preparedness plan:
1.Gather information about hazards in your area. Find out how susceptible to hurricane disaster your area is and how you should respond. Learn your community's warning signals and evacuation plans.
2.Meet with your family to create a disaster preparedness plan and make sure it includes emergency food kits for the whole family. Discuss the information you've gathered. Choose a place outside your home to meet in the event of an emergency, such as a fire, and a place away from your neighborhood in case you can't return home. Choose a friend or relative who lives out-of-state as your "family check-in contact"
3.Implement your disaster preparedness plan:
•Post emergency telephone numbers by phones.
•Inspect your home for potential hazards such as items that can move, fall break or catch fire, and correct them.
•Install safety features such as smoke alarms and fire extinguishers and instruct others how to use them properly.
•Teach children how and when to call local emergency medical services number.
•Keep emergency food kits such as FoodInsurance.com's The Essentials kit in your home with enough supplies for each member of your family for two weeks.
•Keep a disaster preparedness response kit with items you may need in case of evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers, such as backpacks or duffle bags. FoodInsurance.com makes it easy with the Emergency Plus kit!
•Keep important family documents in a waterproof container.
•Keep a smaller disaster preparedness emergency kit in the trunk of your car.
4.Practice and maintain your plan:
•Ask questions to make sure your family remembers meeting places, phone numbers, and safety rules.
•Make sure everyone knows where to find your family's emergency kits.
•Test your smoke detectors monthly.
•Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to manufacturer's recommendations.
•Replace spare batteries as required.
•Conduct periodic drills to make sure you are prepared in case of an actual emergency.
With planning, your earthquake preparedness can save your life and the lives of the ones you love. Emergency kits from FoodInsurance.com make it easier than ever before. Don't wait — put your disaster preparedness plan into effect today!

Thanks to good hurricane preparedness, you can increase your chances for surviving a hurricane disaster with emergency kits from FoodInsurance.com. Don't wait—put your disaster preparedness plan into effect today if you live in an at-risk region.

A Power Outage Emergency
If a power outage lasts for longer than 2 hours, follow the guidelines below:
For the Freezer section: A freezer that is half full will hold food safely for up to 24 hours. A full freezer will hold food safely for 48 hours. Do not open the freezer door if you can avoid it. For the Refrigerated section: Pack milk, other dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, gravy, and spoilable leftovers into a cooler surrounded by ice. Inexpensive Styrofoam coolers are fine for this purpose. Use a food thermometer to check the temperature of your food right before you cook or eat it. Throw away any food that has a temperature of more than 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Additionally, power outage may affect water purification systems, and they may not be functioning properly. Safe water for drinking, cooking, and personal hygiene includes bottled, boiled, or treated water. Considering the refrigerator is where most people keep the bulk of their food, it makes sense to have a backup food supply in case the power goes out for an extended period of time. Food Insurance survival food kits and packages ensure safe food and clean drinking water until the power comes back on. Follow these basic steps to develop your family disaster preparedness plan:
1.Gather information about hazards in your area. Find out how susceptible to severe winter storms your area is and how you should respond. Learn your community's warning signals and evacuation plans.
2.Meet with your family to create a disaster preparedness plan and make sure it includes emergency food kits for the whole family. Discuss the information you've gathered. Choose a place outside your home to meet in the event of an emergency, such as a fire, and a place away from your neighborhood in case you can't return home. Choose a friend or relative who lives out-of-state as your "family check-in contact"
3.Implement your disaster preparedness plan:
•Post emergency telephone numbers by phones.
•Inspect your home for potential hazards such as items that can move, fall break or catch fire, and correct them.
•Install safety features such as smoke alarms and fire extinguishers and instruct others how to use them properly.
•Teach children how and when to call 911 or your local emergency medical services number.
•Keep emergency survival food kits such as FoodInsurance.com's The Essentials kit in your home with enough supplies for each member of your family for two weeks.
•Keep a disaster preparedness response kit with items you may need in case of evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers, such as backpacks or duffle bags. FoodInsurance.com makes it easy with the Emergency Plus food kit!
•Keep important family documents in a waterproof container.
•Keep a smaller disaster preparedness emergency food kit in the trunk of your car.
4.Practice and maintain your plan:
•Ask questions to make sure your family remembers meeting places, phone numbers, and safety rules.
•Make sure everyone knows where to find your family's emergency food kits.
•Test your smoke detectors monthly.
•Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to manufacturer's recommendations.
•Replace spare batteries as required.
•Conduct periodic drills to make sure you are prepared in case of an actual emergency.
With preparation, and with emergency kits from FoodInsurance.com, you and your family will be prepared for a prolonged power outage emergency. Don't wait—put your disaster preparedness plan into effect before it's too late.

What if a natural or man-made disaster forced you to flee your house in a moment’s notice?


Would you be prepared? March 29, 2011 - Thomson, Illinois
Natural and man-made disasters are happening with surprising frequency in the U.S. and around the world, it’s becoming more important than ever to be ready to flee your house in a moment’s notice.Within the last few years, wild fires have raged for weeks in California and Colorado.
Hurricanes have pounded Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. Unexpected and repeated flooding has displaced thousands of people in Tennessee.
And more recently a massive fireball caused by a gas explosion ripped through a California neighborhood, destroying more than 50 homes.

•All of these disasters have been deadly.
•All of them have struck suddenly with unexpected force.
•All of them have forced people to evacuate their homes.
And if you live in an area where natural disasters typically aren’t a problem, then please consider this:
All It Would Take Is One Terrorist Attack To Create Total Chaos Overnight

In Europe and in debt-strapped nations around the world, politicians are calling for austerity measures -- spending cutbacks that directly affect the citizens’ quality of life. Some citizens go along with the austerity measures. But others fight back. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the country of Ecuador, where police launched a violent rebellion when their benefits were cut by a new austerity measure. While they didn’t assassinate the president of their country, they physically harassed him and assaulted him with tear gas. According to one source:“The state of emergency puts the military in charge of public order, suspending civil liberties and allowing soldiers to carry out searches without a warrant. Hundreds of officers involved in the insurrection made barricades out of burning tires that cut off highway access to the capital.” Based on the magnitude of the reaction, you might think the police officers’ pay had been cut in half. But the cutbacks were relatively minor: no more medals and bonuses for promotions. Think about it... if such a minor cutback could cause such a massive uprising, just imagine what would happen if major cutbacks went into effect!

But just as scary, almost 50 million people in the U.S. are on food stamps and live in densely populated cities with no ability to grow their own food. As food prices rise and government money no longer buys what it once did, citizens will become desperate.Any type of currency collapse or default would be catastropic, especially in urban areas. But we have to cut the budget right? Just imagine what police and unionized firefighters might do in this country if their pay or benefits were drastically reduced. We might quickly discover that we have a lot in common with Europe and Ecuador.If you are prepared, then you’ll be able to handle your new circumstances well. You’ll be able to stay warm, eat balanced meals and feed your family, too. But if you are NOT prepared, you may have to face some of the most unsettling and emotionally disturbing days of your entire life.And that’s why I want to tell you about a brand new product Solutions From Science is offering. It’s called:My Evac Pack: The Ultimate Survival Kit for Emergency Evacuations
“My Evac Pack” is an easy-to-carry bag filled with the essential food and supplies you’ll need to survive in any kind of short-term survival situation. There are two sizes: one is a backpack and the other is a rolling duffle bag with a retractable handle.Both are packed with great-tasting, nutritionally dense dehydrated food. Simply add water and you’ll have a meal to rival any home-cooked dinner. Plus, you’ll get all kinds of tools and supplies to help you survive just about any kind of survival situation.The Rolling Duffle Bag is by far the best value. It provides enough food and supplies to last one person for two whole weeks... or two people for one week. You get 44 servings of food, and dozens of supplies that you’ll find indispensable while you’re away from your home.

These supplies could come in quite handy in an emergency survival situation. If you are married or have kids, you may want to have these supplies as part of your evacuation survival kit. In fact, you might even want to get one rolling duffle and one backpack as well. Or perhaps even two rolling duffle bags. It really depends on how many people are in your family and how much food and supplies you will need.If, on the other hand, you are single... or you feel like the increased portability of the backpack would be an advantage to you... then the backpack may be a better choice.
When It Comes Time to Get Out of Dodge, You Need To Be Able To “Grab And Go!” In an emergency, time is a luxury most of us won’t have. That’s why you need to always be ready to run out the front door... without looking back.And just imagine how much better you’d feel if you could grab the My Evac Pack out of the hall closet as you dash out of your house. Even better, imagine being able to grab your car keys and speeding off, knowing that your My Evac Pack was already loaded in the trunk, ready to go.With the right preparation and planning, you could get the heck out of dodge feeling prepared and ready to face the next two weeks with at least a measure of security and confidence that you could make it on your own.Emergencies You May Experience And How To Be PreparedBlizzards - Every year, blizzards hit dozens of norther states, from as far west as Washington to as far east as Maine. Most deaths caused by blizzards happen when people get stranded in their cars. Wouldn’t it be smart to have an Evac Pack in your car all winter long, just in case?

Car Breakdown - Imagine being stranded on the side of the road, outside the range of cell phone towers. (There are many such places in Utah, Arizona, and Nevada.) As you wait for hours, an Evac Pack could provide you with water, nourishment, and even warmth.
Civil Unrest - Riots and outright revolts have erupted in Europe and South America as more governments implement austerity measures to help balance their budgets. How long until we see civil unrest in the U.S.? Nobody knows, but when it happens, you’ll want to be able to grab your Evac Pack and leave, if necessary.
Earthquakes - Every year, there are about 6 earthquakes in the U.S. that register a 6.0 or higher on the Richter scale. One of those is usually a 7.0 or higher, which can cause major damage. And while earthquakes can sometimes hit suddenly, an Evac Pack could help you get through the aftermath.
Floods - During 2010, Tennessee experienced some of the worst flooding in the state’s history. The flood waters hit hard and fast. Some were able to evacuate; others were stranded. Either way, an Evac Pack would have been a valuable asset for many of the people living in the flood zones of Tennessee.
Forest Fires - Here’s what you need to know about forest fires. They are always unexpected, and when one starts, it can move fast. For people whose homes are threatened, there is usually very little time to prepare. But with an Evac Pack safely stored in your car, you’d be guaranteed of having basic survival materials in case of sudden evacuation.
Hurricanes - Do you remember Hurricanes Katrina and Rita? Do you remember the massive lines of traffic trying to get out of the city? Many of the people who got stuck simply took too long to flee. An Evac Pack will improve your response time so you can get out -- and get safe -- before everybody else does.
Off-Road Accident - You’re pushing your jeep over rocks and up steep trails when all of a sudden you roll. Everybody is safe except for minor scratches and bruises, but you’re now well off the trail and nobody in sight to help you. There is no cell phone signal. An Evac Pack tucked in the back of your off-road vehicle could keep you warm and buy you enough time to get help.An Investment Every “American” Should MakeFortunately, My Evac Pack is quite affordable, especially when you consider that it could save your life and the lives of your immediate family members.It would take days (or even weeks!) to assemble all of the materials in this kit. That's if you had the time to do all the research. But the fact is, most of us simply don't have the time. So we've done all the leg work for you. All the running around. All the testing. And, if you did put together your own kit, you would probably spend upward of $350.00 to assemble your own duffle bag kit. (One person told us it would take $600.00) The best value is the rolling duffle bag with the retractable handle. You can get one for your family for just $239. And the backpack is still an excellent value. It is only $179.And as you know, all of us here at Solutions From Science take great pride in the products we offer. We want to make sure you are totally satisfied with your purchase, which is why we are offering a full 1-Year Guarantee on the My Evac Pack products. Store it in a hall closet, or your garage, or even in your car.

Then if for any reason during the next year you are not totally thrilled with your purchase (and enjoying the peace of mind such an emergency evacuation kit gives you), then simply return the whole thing to us for a prompt refund of your money, minus shipping costs. Remember: You can’t predict when or where an emergency will strike. The people in California who had a fireball rip through their neighborhood never would have imagined such an event, not in a thousand years. And the citizens of Ecuador probably never imagined they would personally witness a widespread police rebellion and the sudden implementation of martial law .But these things happen, often when you least expect it. And while you can’t predict an emergency, you can most certainly prepare for it. I sincerely hope you will make a wise investment and get prepared starting today.

Learn Survival Skills and Bushcraft Techniques CD - ASK US HOW!
Psychology of Survival
Survival Planning and Survival Kits
Basic Survival Medicine
Shelters
Water Procurement
Fire Craft
Food Procurement
Survival Use of Plants
Poisonous Plants
Dangerous Animals
Tools and Equipment
Desert Survival
Tropical Survival
Cold Weather Survival
Sea Survival
Expedient Water Crossings
Field-Expedient Direction Findings
Signaling Techniques
Camouflage
Navigation
Medical
Foraging For Plants & Insects for Survival Uses
Survival Fishing
Tracking
Survival Medicine
Mountain Weather
Mountain Safety
Nutrition
Wilderness Patient Assessment
High Altitude Illness
Heat Related Injuries
Burn Management
Hypothermia / Rewarming
Submersion Incidents
Wilderness Orthopedic Injuries
Treatment of Reptile And Anthropod Envenomation
Cold Injuries
Search and Rescue
Preventive Medicine / Water Purification


StormSafe
Storms can happen anywhere at anytime of the year and are the most frequent emergencies affecting Victorians. Storms can be accompanied by torrential rain, strong winds, large hailstones and lightning. Storms may result in flash flooding, un roof buildings, damage trees and powerlines and can pose a significant safety risk to people, animals, households and businesses. Recent storms have resulted in hundreds of millions of dollars in damage.
Better StormSafe than Sorry - You can prepare now
Develop a home or business emergency plan
Assemble an emergency kit
Clean your gutters, downpipes and drains and ensure they are in good order and not blocked.
Trim over hanging branches
Make sure your roof is in good repair
Tidy your yard and veranda to ensure unsecured items do not become potential missiles
Resource Material:There is a range of resource material available, both listed below for download or
available by contacting your local VICSES, view the Contact Us area for
contact information. Emergency Tool Kit
Home Emergency Plan
StormSafe information brochure

EARTH QUAKES

An earthquake is the shaking and vibration of the surface of the earth caused by underground movement along an earthquake fault. Earthquake magnitude is measured using the Richter scale.There is no accepted method to predict earthquakes, however, some regions are more prone to earthquakes than others due to their location in proximately to earthquake faults.Unlike other countries such as Japan, New Zealand and Indonesia, Australia does not lie in close proximity to a tectonic plate boundary where large earthquakes can occur. However, communities in Australia can still experience damaging and deadly earthquakes. For example, the Newcastle 1989 earthquake in which 13 people died and a further 160 were injured. This earthquake measured 5.6 on the Richter scale.Be Prepared
Know your local area, particularly if there is a history of earthquakes.
Have an emergency kit and plan. Ensure the kit contains a battery operated radio, torch and spare batteries.
Keep a list of emergency numbers handy. If an earthquake occurs If inside DROP COVER and HOLD ON Take cover under a sturdy desk, table or bench, or against an inside wall and hold on.
If there is no desk or table near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures and furniture.
If you are in bed when an earthquake strikes stay there. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Most injuries during earthquakes occur when people are hit by falling objects while entering or leaving buildings.
Be aware that electricity may go out.
Do not use elevators. If you are outdoors: Stay there
Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and powerlines
If in a vehicle:
Stop in an open area and listen to your car radio for adviceAfter an EarthquakeExpect aftershocks
Keep your radio tuned to local media
Keep an active watch for hazards and check for injuries or damage
Check for cracks and damage in roof, walls and chimneys
Avoid driving unless for an emergency – don’t go sightseeing
If damage is evident switch off electricity, gas and water and evacuate the building
Stay clear of fallen powerlines
Stay calm and help others if possible

Before the Flood
How to prepare for floods:
Check whether your residence or business is subject to flooding. Contact your local council for further information.
Find out how high the water could rise in and around your property
If a FloodSafe sticker has been installed in your meter box, ascertain how different flood heights are likely to affect your household
Check if you could be cut off by floodwaters
In the event you decide to leave your property, know your safest route
Have any cracks in the foundation and exterior walls sealed
Anchor any fuel tanks in your yard
Check your home and contents insurance. Many properties are not covered for flood
Keep a list of emergency numbers near the telephone
Assemble an emergency kit
When Flooding May Be ImminentWhen it is likely that flooding will occur, take the follow action immediately.Listen to your radio for information and advice
Check that your neighbours are safe and aware
Remember your meter box sticker (if installed) and consider the actions you need to take If necessary
Stack possessions on benches and tables with electrical goods in the highest places
Secure objects that are likely to float and cause damage
Relocate waste containers, chemicals and poisons well above floor level
Locate important papers, valuables and mementoes and put them in your emergency kit
Business owners should raise stock, records and equipment on benches and tables
Rural property owners should move livestock and farm equipment and relocate pumps to high ground
Sheds and outbuildings should be checked with contents moved to higher ground
If isolation is likely, have enough non-perishable food, essential medications, fuel and other necessities to last at least a week
Do not forget pet food and stockfeedPreparation for floods goes further than home and contents. It is important that the occupants of the household are also prepared and that children understand these arrangements.Meet with your family to develop your Home Emergency Plan
Explain the dangers of high waters and flooding to children
Plan and practise your escape routes
Establish a safe meeting point in case of a sudden emergency
Discuss how you will care for pets in the event you decide to leave early
Learn how and when to turn off the utility mains such as gas, electricity and water

After the Flood
Flood dangers do not end when the water begins to recede:
Keep listening to local radio stations
Don’t return home until authorities indicate that it is safe to do so
At your home or business:
Keep the electricity off until checked by an electrician
When entering the building, use a torch to light your way
Never use matches, cigarette lighters or any other naked flame as there may be flammable gas trapped inside
As floodwaters pick up sewage and chemicals from the surrounding community, dispose of any food or medication that it may have contacted
Clean your home straight away to ensure good health
Boil all drinking water until authorities indicate that the water supply is safe
Take numerous photographs of all damage for insurance
Have all electrical items that got wet professionally tested prior to use
Have gas appliances inspected and cleaned to prevent a gas explosion or fire
The Department of Human Services is a valuable source of information for post flood recovery information.
Review http://www.health.vic.gov.au/environment/emergency_mgmnt/flood_hazards.htm or contact your nearest DHS office for a series of detailed fact sheets on how to recover from floods.
Available fact sheets include:
Boil Drinking Water - Flood Areas
Steps to Check on Wall Insulation
Control of Mould and Fungal Growth in and Under Flooded Houses
Flood Action Guide
Mosquito Prevention Should Start Now
Repainting After Flood Damage
Repairing Flood Damaged Buildings
Possible Water Damage to Internal Wall Linings

Tsunami are a series of waves generated by any of the following:
Vertical movement of the sea floor as the result of a large earthquake
Submarine or coastal volcanic eruptions
Meteor impacts
Coastal landslides and slumps, either land-based or submarineThe coast of Victoria has been affected by tsunami before. The largest tsunami to affect Victoria in recent times occurred in May 1960 after a 9.5 magnitude earthquake in Chile. The following quote provides some indication of the effects of the tsunami on the Victorian coastline.“Salmon spotting pilot Dick Ritchie yesterday saw Three Mile Beach, Wilson’s Promontory “disappear” while he was flying over it. ‘I usually land on this beach – but it seemed to be under several feet of water’ he said. ‘ But inside a minute and a half while I flew over it, the water rushed 200 yards out. I first noticed it at 11am. The whole coastal area was disturbed for most of the day. I saw a lagoon nearly a mile by half a mile wide near Port Albany empty one minute, completely full the next, then empty again. Swirling sand and weeds were everywhere. I thought I was seeing things’ The Lakes Entrance Harbour Master said the freak tides had turned the lakes northern arm into a “vacuum”. He said the Lakes Entrance old timers described it as the fastest moving tide in memory. ‘Water came rushing in at a terrific rate – then bored out just as fast’ he said. ‘It gouged three feet of sand away from the pier piles. Marine growth on the bottom was ripped out, and travelled along at three or four miles an hour.’”Sydney Morning Herald May 1960Tsunami WarningsThe Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre provides a tsunami warning service for Australia. The Bureau of Meteorology and Geoscience Australia operate the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning CentreFor the latest tsunami warnings call 1300TSUNAMI (1300 878 6264) or visit the Bureau’s website www.bom.gov.au/tsunamiMarine and immediate foreshore threat Depending on the level of threat determined by the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre the Bureau of Meteorology may issue a tsunami warning (via the radio, television, 1300TSUNAMI, or the Bureau’s website www.bom.gov.au/tsunami) restricted to the marine environment and immediate foreshore area for parts of the Victorian coastline. You will be advised to:
Get out of the water and move away from the immediate waters’s edge of harbours, coastal estuaries, rock platforms and beaches.
Return any boats in harbours, estuaries and in shallow coastal water to shore, then secure your boat and move away from the waterfront.
Move vessels already at sea to deep water well offshore and remain there until further advised.
Don’t go to the coast or headlands to watch the tsunami.
Listen to the media for further information and follow the advice of emergency services.
Check that your neighbours have received this advice.Land inundation threatIf there is a possibility of more serious inundation of coastal land, the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre may extend the tsunami warning for the marine environment and immediate foreshore to a tsunami warning for more extensive land inundation. Advice on the appropriate response is determined in consultation with VICSES. If necessary the evacuation of low-lying coastal areas may be required. You will be advised to:Take only essential items that you can carry including important papers, family photographs and medical needs.
Go to higher ground or inland. Move away from all beaches and the water’s edge of harbours and coastal estuaries.
Walk to safety if possible to avoid traffic jams.
Take shelter in the upper storey of a sturdy brick or concrete multi-storey building if you cannot leave the area.It is important that you follow advice contained in warnings
Prepare NowYou can prepare for tsunami:If you live or regularly visit the coast, get to know the tsunami history and the flood prone areas of your community.
Know the nearest high ground and the safest routes to it.
Keep our family emergency kit up to date and know where it is.

Heed natural warnings – earthquakes, rumbling or sudden changes in the behaviour of coastal seas can all be signs of an approaching tsunami.

 Strong quake strikes devastated Japan
A house damaged in last month's disaster stands amid debris in the town of Minamisanriku in Miyagi (AFP/Jiji Press)Related Story: Police search for bodies in Japan nuke zone Related Story: Japan quake moved seabed 24 metres Related Story: Radiation fears hit Japan's food exports Related Story: Japan stops water leaks from nuclear plant A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.1 has jolted Japan's Miyagi prefecture, which was devastated by last month's deadly quake and tsunami.The earthquake prompted Japanese authorities to warn that waves of up to 2 metres could hit the shoreline, but the tsunami warning was later cancelled.Buildings shook across the region and in Tokyo the quake was felt for as long as a minute. The strong aftershock cut electricity in some northern towns, including at the Onagawa nuclear plant. Workers at the stricken Fukushima plant were also evacuated but they have since reported no new problems.Local police said there were many emergency calls about injured people, fires and gas leaks.The National Police Agency says seven people have been reported injured so far in Iwate, Akita, Yamagata and Fukushima prefectures.Today marks four weeks since a massive 9.0 quake and subsequent tsunami savaged Japan's north, killing 12,608 people with a further 15,073 listed as missing.Nearly 160,000 people are still sheltered in emergency facilities.The evacuation order at the Fukushima plant came less than 24 hours after workers began pumping nitrogen into reactor No. 1, where engineers were concerned a build-up of hydrogen might react with oxygen to cause an explosion.Work at the plant was remotely controlled and was continuing, plant operator Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO) said. A nuclear safety agency official told reporters there were no abnormal readings at the plant's monitoring posts, adding "we have not seen any problem... with regard to the injection of nitrogen".The tremor hit at 11:32pm (local time) with an offshore epicentre 66 kilometres east of Sendai and a depth of 49 kilometres, the USGS said.Japan's meteorological agency says the tremor was one of around 400 aftershocks to have rocked the country since the March 11 tremor.

EXTREME EMERGENCY KIT
Earthquake, tsunami, tornado, hurricane, social unrest, forced evacuation or any extreme situation could require you to leave your home in minutes.
Will you get out with just the clothes on your back and become dependent on GOVT or do you have a plan? What would you take with you if you had to evacuate in minutes?
In these uncertain times, every family needs an Extreme Emergency Kit. It could save your life and it will give you peace of mind knowing that you and your family are ready for anything.

Extreme Emergency Kit Contents:
Compact Cooking Stove (fuel not included)
2 - Water Filtration Systems (Can filter up to 200 gallons of water each)
Crank Flashlight plus Radio/Cell phone charger
Solar Charger
1 Large Spoon and 4 Small Spoons
Survival Knife with sheath
Pocket Knife
2 - Glow Sticks
2 - Safety Vests
2 Pair Leather Gloves
Hammer/Axe Utility Tool
2 qt. Stainless Steel Pot with Lid
4 - 8 oz. Cups
Water Proof Matches and Flint Fire Starter
First-Aid Kit (81 pieces)
Compass/Whistle/Thermometer
4 - N95 Masks
Duct Tape
Plastic Sheeting
2 - Nylon Ropes (20 feet each)
2 - Tube Tents
Hygiene Kit (4 tooth brushes, toothpaste, soap)
Toilet Paper

Food: 64 one-cup servings or enough food to serve more than three 2-cup meals per day, for 2 adults, for 5 days.

8 servings - Cheesy Chicken Casserole
12 servings - Tortilla Soup
12 servings - Creamy Potato Soup
8 servings - Corn Chowder
16 servings - Granola
8 servings - Dried Tropical Fruit
1 bottle Life Caps (30 ct.) World's first survival pill

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Wind Turbine - latest model MG4532 with higher output

A serious wind turbine at a break through price!! Wind powered generator that is not a toy, but gives serious power!
This is a true gift of modern technology - a Wind Mill generator that gives you 300 to 500 watts, at 24 volts. (or 12 volt)
The unit features a 3 phase permanent magnet alternator with a serious 1.5 metre diameter blade rotor.
The blades are fibreglass and very rigid.
The unit will withstand wind speeds of 40m/sec (144km/hr).
All mechanical components are either cast steel or aluminium.
The unit has a 28V output which will charge a 24V battery bank.
Some skill is required in construction e.g. concreting, mechanical assembly and rigging.
The unit is made in China clearly for remote area application.
Alas, the instructions are woeful but assembly is straightforward.
Wind turbines provide far, far more power per $ - provided you have wind.
Most places however, have some wind over a 24 hour period.
If you have been looking for a decent wind generator but have been scared off by the price than this product is for you.
Note: The product is supplied in wooden crates, with a combined weight of 17kg.

Always at the forefront of alternative energy technology, we’re pleased to offer this new of wind turbine generator.
Up to 500W of power for those who want to generate some serious power.
This unit has a 3-phase permanent magnet alternator, external regulator box and simple flat style blades.
These two models are perfect for those with a lot of space between themselves and the neighbours, or where a long cable run is needed from the generator head to the battery bank.
The 500W unit also features slip rings on the generator head to avoid cable breakages.
They feature moulded, compact, efficient blade design, is lightweight, has neodymium magnets, and the charge controller built into generator head.
They also feature slip rings to avoid cable breakage.
These 300W units will start spinning at just 2.5m/s wind speed, and will produce their rated power at 12m/s (max power 500W at 15m/s).
Available in 12V and 24V outputs, all parts fit into one box weighing just 17kg - making it convenient to transport.

All wind generator models are supplied without mounting tower and associated mounting hardware.
Please specify under "special instructions" if you wish to order 12 volt or 24 volt model.

MG4530 - 300W 12VDC and MG4532 - 300W 24VDC
• Rated Power: 300W
• Max Power: 500W
• Output Voltage: 12Vdc or 24VDC
• Start-up wind Speed: 2.5m/s
• Rated Wind Speed: 12m/s
• Max Wind Speed: 40m/s
• Rotor Diameter: 1.5m
• No of Blades: 3
• Blade Material: ABS
• Recommended Tower Height: 6m
• Shipping Cartons: 900x400x200 - 17kg total
• Included: generator, blades, tail, hub, nose cone

SPARE PARTS
• MG-4534 Set of 3 Spare Blades suit MG-4530/MG-4532

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Wind Generator 500-600 Watts

500W 24VDC Wind Turbine
MG4540

Always at the forefront of alternative energy technology, we are pleased to offer this new range of wind turbine generators.
As well as the 200W model we have a super-compact 300W version, and a big 500W unit for those who want to generate some serious power.
The 200W and 500W units share the same operational and design features, with their 3-phase permanent magnet alternator, external regulator box and simple flat style blades.
These two models are perfect for those with a lot of space between themselves and the neighbours, or where a long cable run is needed from the generator head to the battery bank.
The 500W unit also features slip rings on the generator head to avoid cable breakages.
The compact 300W units are a technological step up from the other two models.
They feature moulded, compact, efficient blade design, is lightweight, has neodymium magnets, and the charge controller built into generator head.
They also feature slip rings to avoid cable breakage.
These 300W units will start spinning at just 2.5m/s wind speed, and will produce their rated power at 12m/s (max power 500W at 15m/s).
Available in 12V and 24V outputs, all parts fit into one box weighing just 17kg - making it convenient to transport.

NOTE: All wind generator models are supplied without mounting tower and associated mounting hardware. And this model number relates to the 24 volt model.
Warning: These wind generators are designed for permanent terrestrial installation only.

MG4540 - 500W 24V
• Rated Power: 500W
• Max Power: 600W
• Output Voltage: 3-phase AC from generator, 24Vdc from rectifier/controller
• Start-up wind Speed: 3m/s
• Rated Wind Speed: 12m/s
• Max Wind Speed: 40m/s
• Rotor Diameter: 2.5m
• No of Blades: 3
• Blade Material: Fibreglass
• Recommended Pole Height: 6m
• Shipping Cartons: box 1 - 1300x150x150 = 9kg, box 2 - 700x390x200 = 25kg. TOTAL 34kg
• Included: generator, blades, tail, hub, nose cone, charge controller

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SOLAR BATTERIES

FEDERAL introduces a battery second to none for the most demanding applications.


Our premium gelled electrolyte batteries provide reliable starting amps for MARINE and COMMERCIAL applications whilst being used primarily as a dependable maintenance free power supply for float and deep cycle service.


FEATURES INCLUDE: Gelled electrolyte Value regulated Sealed recombinant construction Heavy duty tank formed plates Calcium/copper lead alloy grids Premium glass mat separators A self discharge rate of less than 2% per month
BENEFITS: Minimises the effects of severe vibration Spill proof and leakproof ­ Fit and Forget (with proper charging) in hard to reach locations* and near sensitive equipment. *even works under water
Eliminates ultra deep discharges and acid stratification damage Minimises palte shedding thereby improving cycle life Prevents mossing or short circuits around plate edges Provides quick recharge recovery Combine to provide a battery giving maximum durability,
power and life.

Todays right answer for marine starting, trolling, golf buggies and cars, wheelchairs, EV¹s, emergency lighting, UPS and many other Deep Cycle and Float service applications.


ALL RATINGS ARE AFTER 15 CYCLES AND CONFORM TO B.C.I. SPECIFICATIONS. *NOMINAL.
IMPORTANT CHARGING INSTRUCTIONS: WARRANTY VOID IF OPENED OR IMPROPERLY CHARGED.
Constant under or overcharging will damage any battery and shorten its life! Use a good constant potential, voltage-regulated charger.
For 12-volt, batteries, charge to at least 13.8 volts but no more than 14.1 volts at 68°F (20°C).
For 6-volt batteries, charge to at least 6.9 volts but no more than 7.05 volts at 68°F (20°C).
Do not charge in a sealed container.


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The $200 Solar Panel: a Hands-On Review

Want to go solar on a budget, but don't know where to start? You should read this:
My name is Larry Gilley, and I'm a construction engineer from San Mateo, California.
In 2009 I went from being completely dependant on the electric company, to total energy freedom - all, in 3 short months.
How did I do it? It wasn't easy, but it sure was cheap!
Because I sure didn't pay the $2000 retail price for your usual solar panel. In fact, I built my own panels - for a fraction of what you'd expect.
Luckily, you can do it the easy way.


The challenge:
As silly as it may sound.. my top challenge was finding a DIY guide that doesn't suck.
There are tons of guides out there all claiming to show you how to build the ultimate solar panel.
Buyer beware! Only a handful actually work.
Of them, just a few are really worth it. You can find my review below.


My results:

My first panel was a disaster, and so was my second.Fortunately, by the third attempt I had already bought a really good course that made it all a lot easier. (with it, I built the panel you see on the right)
First month results: cut my electric bill by 10%. I was as happy as a little child!
Second month: slashed my electricity bill a further 50% - up to an amazing 60%.
Third month - got off the grid entirely. Haven't paid a dime on electricity ever since.

I reviewed 11 Home Energy Kits. Only 3 Met My Criteria:

•Sizeable Power Savings - 60% more power efficiency
•Easy Setup - in only a few hours, even for novices
•Affordable Set-Up Cost (well under $200)

Still the best Home Energy Kit in 2010..."Home Made Energy
I'll start with the cons because there aren't too many.
1. It could be a bit overwhelming for the new user.
While other training series brush off the fundamentals... HomeMadeEnergy dedicates eight videos to solar panel essentials.
You might find this boring (I did) but it's for the best. I wouldn't have gotten off the grid if it wasn't for this info.
2. The price. At $97, HomeMadeEnergy costs more than twice than the other guides in this review. And rightfully so.
Now for the pros:
- There are 15 videos in the training series, and I guess you can't ask for anything more "step by step" than this.
I was a complete newbie and still managed to build a perfect panel. -
Workbook is really well laid out.
You get a complete list of tools and supplies... plus a really neat way to get PV cells for free (I built an $80 panel following that particular tip!)
- It's probably the most complete solar training course I've read... and at the same time, the easiest to follow.
I only watched the solar panel walkthrough videos once - enough to build me a nice, high-yield panel.
May 2010 Update: there is now a promotion running on the site, and it is temporarily available for $49 instead of $97.
I recommend you get it now before they hike up the price again.
The Verdict: Fast and easy setup; works for complete novices; proven power savings of up to 100% - our top pickRisk free: HME offers a 56 day money back guarantee

 

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GOAT MEAT
Goat meat is a very mild, tender red meat. It is a healthier alternative to beef due to its much lower fat and cholesterol content. In fact, the nutritional value of goat meat is very comparable to chicken while giving you beef-like consistency and flavor.



Just about any goat can be used for meat.
Goat owners who raise goats for milk production often have kids born each year that they can’t keep, in order to control the size of their herds, and they can either sell them or use them as a meat source.
Dairy goats are popular because the meat is typically even softer and milder than the common meat goat breeds.
In fact, many meat goat herds incorporate dairy goats into a crossbreeding program to promote more tender meat, while maintaining the size and growth speed of the meat breeds.
Nubians are a popular choice with those who prefer crossbreds, and in many cases the Nubian/meat breed cross also does well on the dairy side of the equation for homesteaders who want both milk and meat production.
The following chart from the USDA Nutrient Database showcases just how valuable goat meat is from a nutritional standpoint.
For purebred meat production, or as a base for the dairy/meat cross, there are three standout breeds that are easy to find in the American market.

Courtesy of OFF THE GRID NEWS read more on their web site.

http://www.offthegridnews.com/

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SAGE HEALTH BENEFITS

Sage, originally from the Mediterranean regions, now grows around the world in more than 2000 species. Israel alone has 24 different species of the plant.
It has been cultivated to flavor foods and for its many medicinal properties—among them, use as an astringent, stimulant, nervine agent, diuretic, expectorant, memory booster, anxiety reliever, anti-microbial, and as an antioxidant.
It will also ease joint pain, menopausal symptoms, abdominal troubles, sore throat, mouth ulcers, cuts, sprains, swelling, and impaired digestion.

Applications
Teas and Infusions
Tea of equal parts sage and chamomile makes a good mouth rinse for mouth sores, mouth ulcers, and a great gargle for sore throats.
Mixing equal parts of sage tea and apple cider vinegar with 1 teaspoon sea salt is used for gargling.

Soaking a cloth in hot sage tea makes a great compress. Applied to the head, it can relieve headaches. Placed on the abdomen, it can ease cramps, gas, and general intestinal and digestive discomforts. Wrapping a compress around strains and sprains reduces swelling and discomfort.
Applied to insect bites, it can reduce itching and swelling.
A cold infusion of sage, without lemon and sugar, can be used as a lotion for skin abrasions and ulcers.
It has also been used to color hair, like henna, when used over the whole head and scalp.
And taken internally, it can keep the hair from graying.
An infusion of sage can boost the memory and stimulate or alert the senses. After taking sage tea, there is some warming sensation in the body.

Fresh leaves and or small twigs
Chewing fresh leaves can freshen the breath. Chewing the twig ends will prepare them for use as a primitive toothbrush, and rubbing the gums can strengthen them.
Using this toothbrush can prevent cavities naturally without the harmful side effects of fluoride.
Dried leaf powder and oil
A poultice of sage powder applied to joints relieves pain.

One to three drops of sage oil can be used to break up accumulated mucous and as an expectorant to expel it from the respiratory tract.
It can be used as an aromatherapy in lung disorders and sinusitis.
Crush the leaves with your fingers and place in boiling water in a wide pan. Inhale the vapors to obtain the benefits for your upper respiratory tract.
The strained tea can also be used in vaporizers for inhalation.

Sage oil in excess has the ability to bring on seizures, like that of nutmeg and absinthe essential oils.
Intoxication and giddiness follow if it is smelled for too long a time.

Digestive System
Used as a condiment, sage can stimulate the appetite in those with indigestion.
It can relieve liver disorders, typhoid fever, excess bile secretions, and bleeding ulcers in the digestive tract that may cause vomiting.

Musculoskeletal Disorders
It can be used to relieve joint pain.

Women’s Health

Sage can be used to stimulate menstrual bleeding when taken as a hot tea.
Cold sage tea can be used to stop night sweats during menopause.
It is also greatly useful for treating other symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, insomnia, dizziness, headaches, and heart palpitations.
This suggests that sage may have some estrogenic biochemical.

Cold tea of sage used by a mother while weaning her child can help stop the milk flow.
This can be useful when trying to encourage the eating of solid food with babies.

It is better to avoid sage during pregnancy.
Don’t take cold tea while nursing as it may interfere with milk production.
Used during the post-partum period, it may help with discharging the lochia quickly.

Urinary Disorders
Sage has been used as a diuretic and as treatment for bladder and kidney infections and other disorders such as renal calculi.

Memory Booster
Tests were conducted on 44 people to see if there was a significant difference in their word recall.
Of those tested, the ones who had used sage received better scores.

Potential as an aid to Alzheimer’s patients
Those who suffer from Alzheimer’s have a deficiency of neurochemicals.
Those neurochemicals can be boosted by using sage preparations.
Studies are still being done in this area to see if there may be an approved treatment found in this herb for such mental disturbances and other forms of dementia.

Herbal Teas
Basic Tea
Hot tea [herbal infusion for drinking] is made by bringing water to boil and pouring it over the leaves, letting it steep for a time before consuming. Typical ratio for sage tea is 1 pint of boiling water poured over 1 Oz of dried leaves.

Courtesy of OFF THE GRID NEWS read more on their web site.

http://www.offthegridnews.com/

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POWER SOURCE 1800

If you’d like to have access to unlimited off-the-grid electricity… or you just want to be prepared in the case of brown-outs, blackouts, or the total failure of our aging power grid due to an EMP attack, then you need to get a solar-powered backup generator pronto. Right now, Solutions from Science offers three different portable solar backup generators, depending on your needs. These solar backups can be used to power lights, appliances, phones, radios, televisions… basically any electrically operated device. The best part: Once you have one of these solar backup generators, you’ll have unlimited FREE electricity for the rest of your life! (Financing options available.)

Solar Powered Backup System Provides Instant Electrical Power In Any Outage Or Disaster. Even Better…
Backup Kit Produces An Endless Supply Of Electricity For Free!
There is now a completely portable (and ultra-high efficient) solar power generator which produces up to 1800 watts of household electricity on demand when you need it most. News of this “solar backup generator” (it’s the first “off-the-grid” breakthrough in 50 years) is spreading like wildfire all across the country!Why?The answer is easy. You see, this solar generator is extremely powerful and yet very simple to use. It produces continuous electricity and runs with absolutely no noise whatsoever. It emits no fumes.
But the best part about the solar generator is that it…Generates Free Electricity!The unit then stores the power for your use when you need it. We all face natural disasters, with hurricanes, tornadoes, snow and ice storms cutting off electrical power to millions of Americans each year.
Then there are man-made disasters and outages. Blackouts and rolling brownouts are becoming common in many parts of the United States as our politicians herd us off into third-world status. And never forget the possibility of a terrorist attack directed at a few of our nation’s power plants. Since the nation’s power grids are all “connected,” crippling one plant starts a cascading downward spiral of darkness. Your neighbors will be clueless when it finally does happen, expecting the government to “do something” to get their precious cable TV back on. The truth is, we are extremely vulnerable to all kinds of meltdowns that can create temporary or even permanent electrical outages. That’s why if you are one of the few Americans that have eyes to see and ears to hear with respect to the hard times ahead. In fact, you can also expect rising electrical rates very soon, as promised by the new administration. That's why you need to…Have A Backup System In Place!The Solar generator kit consists of three main components which work together to create a very efficient home power plant. The massive “generator-backup”, the high efficiency solar panel, and the charge controller. In fact, when you compare a solar generator to a gas generator, the difference is pretty remarkable. Here’s why. First, gas generators make an incredible amount of racket… if you can even get them started. I say that because in this part of the country (Northern Illinois), the time of year we are likely to lose our electricity is in the winter, during an ice or snow storm. Generally the wind breaks the power lines, which get covered with ice and snow. Typically, when you lose power here, you go to the garage, roll out the generator and start pulling the cord. You pull and pull some more, all because your generator has been sitting in the cold and the carburetor is playing hard to get. This is not a lot of fun in the dark.Another reason to avoid gas generators is that you just can’t run one in your house. The fumes from a gas generator force you to run it outside and rely on a lot of cords coming through windows or doors to bring the power inside. Again, this is assuming you can get your gas generator started in the first place. But the number one reason you don’t want to be caught in a time of crisis with a gas generator is… Gas Stations Can’t Pump Gas Without Electricity!Yes. It’s true. When the power goes out, you’re left with whatever gas you have on hand because the gas station pumps all run on electricity. A few gallons stored in a gas can means a little electricity for a little while, then it’s quickly back to black.Look… I could go on and on about life without electricity and what nightmare gas generators can be. But here’s the bottom line. Solutions From Science is offering an amazing power generating system that can provide plenty of electrical power in the event of an outage or emergency. And the best part is that you can have the power safely in your house.
It’s the perfect emergency backup for troubled times at any location.
When the lights do go out at your house…
you’ll be darn glad you didn’t hesitate. And, Solutions From Science can put one of these “backup” Solar Generators in your hands very quickly and affordably so you’ll be prepared in any crisis that comes down the road.
A True Breakthrough In Home Power Generation!Let me try to explain the features and benefits of our Solar Generator as simply as possible.
If I could bring one over to your house and let you start plugging in appliances, you would immediately understand what all the fuss is about.
But I can’t do that. Here are some of the reasons you’ll want a solar generator:
1)Maximum power in minimum time. – I cannot emphasize this enough. The solar generator can be set up in just a few minutes. Then, all you have to do is start plugging things in. It will run both AC & DC appliances anywhere… anytime
2)Back up power when you need it most - It’s called a “solar backup” because it’s designed to come to your rescue when power trouble starts and your lights go out. Run a small refrigerator (high efficient ones are best) to keep your food from going bad or even run a sump pump in the basement if you have to get rid of excess water.
3)Portable Power - If the going ever gets too tough where you are and you decide to “get the heck out of dodge,” you simply throw it in the car and take off to a safer destination, knowing you have power wherever you go.
4)Replaces gas generators - No noise, no fumes, no maintenance and most importantly… no fuel required. Simply roll it to whatever location needs the power and start plugging in appliances. It has a massive maintenance-free battery as well as an indestructible outer case. (It weighs about 65 pounds.) It’s a solid piece of equipment that will last a lifetime
5)Generates permanent power - The unit provides 1800 watts of electricity at peak power. That’s enough to run many appliances in your house. The unit stores power and makes it available when you need it. The generator is recharged constantly by the sun allowing you to use the system and charging it at the same time. Many users choose to keep appliances plugged in permanently to reduce electrical costs and help pay for the unit
6)Multiple uses - You can use your solar backup to run essential appliances when emergencies arise. You can recharge phones; run shortwave radios, televisions, lights, fire place or furnace fans, as well as computers and printers. Plus, if you need to work in the woods at the cabin or in a boat, you can use the solar backup to run power tools, trimmers, blowers and coffee makers.
7)Plug and play means instant power - The emergency backup system comes ready to go. Just start plugging in your favorite household essentials...
8)Life-Saving PowerWhen you need it most - Great for powering aquariums, CPAP machines, small refrigerators/freezers, alarm clocks, security systems, whatever you need to live comfortably when the power goes out.
9) Emergency Backup Powerfor Communications - Access the latest weather changes even when the rest of the neighborhood looses power. Powers AM/FM radios, televisions, shortwave radios, cell phones, computers, and other telecommunication devices.
You’ll feel a whole lot safer knowing you have a solar generator when the unexpected occurs.
It could be in a storm, riot or meltdown.

http://www.mysolarbackup.com/


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SOLAR PANELS

Watch video at:

http://vimeo.com/5073126



Around $6,500
This Portable Solar Power System can be carried during events where high power, high energy density, and minimal weight are critical.
The system can provide power for a variety of portable electronic devices that collectively require 12 volts DC up to 100 amps/1250 watts, 120 volts AC up to 1250 watts, and can recharge itself in sunlight using the included solar panels.
If the power draw of your electronic device is 200 watts, the battery will last 6.4 hours, in the absence of incoming solar power, before it must be recharged.
The system is controlled by a 120-amp main circuit breaker that also acts as a main on-off switch.
The battery assembly, protective circuitry boards, solar charge controller, power inverter, battery monitor, wiring, power distribution, breaker block, and accessories are housed inside a waterproof, dustproof, crushproof protective hard case.
The solar panels and AC charger remain outside of the hard case. 12-volt DC power is accessible via two female cigarette lighter sockets and a pair of remote battery terminals, all of which are implanted in the walls of the hard case.
Each cigarette lighter socket is protected against over-current by a 15-amp circuit breaker.

LFP100 includes:
Battery - a rechargeable, 12.8-volt, 100 amp-hour lithium iron phosphate battery pack that stores 1280 watt-hours of energy, and that will tolerate 3000 discharge-charge cycles. Protective circuitry boards perform a balancing function on the individual cells of the battery. The battery can be charged directly from the solar panels using the solar charge controller and custom connector cables, or from the included smart, 20-amp, 100-240VAC-powered charger for when the grid is available;

Solar panels – two CE, FCC, and Std MIL 810F-certified, foldable 62-watt units in green jungle camouflage or tri-color desert camouflage that weigh 3.1 pounds each, that are connected in parallel by a Y-connector, and that will require approximately 16-17 hours of peak sunlight to completely recharge the battery if it is depleted. The dimensions of each solar panel in inches are 52.5 x 30 when deployed, and 14.5 x 8.5 x 1.4 when folded. The solar power input adapter is implanted into the side wall of the hard case;

Solar Charge Controller – sophisticated, programmable 15-amp unit that uses MPPT (maximum power point technology) to accelerate solar charging of the battery, comes with LED's that indicate a rough state of charge of the battery, and whether or not the battery is charging, and that has data download capability. Battery monitor -sophisticated device that provides digital LED readouts of battery voltage, charging and discharging data, time-to-go information, and other critical information;

Case – ATA 300, IP67, STANAG 4280, and DS 81-41 approved, waterproof, dust-proof, and crush-proof hard case in black that measures 21.46 x 13.78 x 9.05 inches in external dimensions (HPRC 2550W);Power Inverter -1250-watt continuous/3500-watt surge, 12VDC to 120VAC, modified sine wave unit that has two AC receptacles, and that is protected against over-current by a 120-amp circuit breaker; AC-powered battery charger - 20-amp unit that is configured specifically for 12.8-volt LFP battery packs, and that will recharge the battery from empty to full in approximately 5.5-6 hours. The weight of the system, not including the solar panels and AC charger, is 60 pounds.
The AC charger weighs 5 pounds. The two solar panels and cables weigh approximately 7 pounds. The charge controller is protected against over-current by a 25-amp circuit break
er;

This Portable Solar Power System can be carried during events where high energy density and minimal weight are critical.
The system can power a variety of portable electronic devices that require 12 volts DC up to 15 amps/180 watts (for a short length of time), 100-120 volts AC up to a continuous 80 watts, and can recharge itself in sunlight using the included solar panel.
If the power draw on the battery is 40 watts, the battery will last approximately 3 hours in the absence of incoming solar power before it needs to be recharged.
The battery, solar charge controller, inverter, AC charger, and cigarette lighter socket adapter are enclosed in a durable carrying bag that can be carried by a handle. The solar panel remains outside of the bag. 12VDC power is accessible via a female cigarette lighter socket that is protected against short circuits and overcurrent by the protective circuitry module of the battery assembly, and by a 15-amp automobile ATC fuse.

Powerenz LFP10 includes:

Battery - a rechargeable, 12.8-volt, 10 amp-hour, 128 watt-hour, lithium iron phosphate battery pack that will tolerate > 2000 discharge-charge cycles if it is discharged to 20% of its initial charge capacity at a discharge current of 2 amps (0.2C). The protective circuitry module protects the battery against over-charge, over-discharge, short circuits, limits the maximum discharge current to 16 amps, and performs a balancing function on the individual cells of the pack. The battery can be charged directly from the solar panel via the solar charge controller, or via the AC-powered charger when the grid is available;
Solar panel - foldable 36-watt/2-amp unit in solid black (not the digital ACU camo that is shown in the photograph) that weighs 3.4 pounds, measures 56.1 x 30.6 inches unfolded, measures 15.4 x 5.9 x 1.6 inches folded, and that will require approximately 5.5 - 6 hours to completely recharge the battery if it is depleted. The power output connector is a standard SAE twin-plug trailer connector to which a variety of standard adapters and solar charge controllers may be linked with standard polarity configuration;
Solar Charge Controller - 5-amp/65-watt MPPT unit that is configured for 12.8-volt LiFePO4 batteries, that has a “resting” power consumption of 0.15 milliamps, and that weighs 2.8 ounces. Because of the continuous, but small, baseline power draw of the controller, the battery needs to be recharged every two to three weeks in order to avoid complete drainage of the battery pack;
Inverter– 12-volt DC to 110-volt AC, 80 continuous watt (100W x 5 minutes; 160W momentary surge), modified sine wave unit that plugs into the 12-volt female DC socket;
Carrying bag – heavy-duty military tanker mechanic's tool bag in black or digital desert/brown camouflage;
AC charger - smart, worldwide, 3-amp charger that will accept 100-240VAC/50-60 Hz, that plugs directly into the cigarette lighter socket adapter, and that will take 3.5-4 hours to completely recharge the battery.

The entire system weighs 9.1 pounds. The AC-powered charger will not be needed when the system is used off-grid. Leave the AC-powered charger behind, and the system weighs 8.4 pounds.

 

SOLAR SLING PACK $AROUND $2500

The LFP17 Sling Pack is the most advanced portable solar power system available in the world today.
This silent, lightweight, portable solar power generator utilizes the finest technology obtainable. Powerenz LFP17 takes advantage of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) battery chemistry which is manufactured using no toxic ingredients, will not ignite or explode, weighs 40-50% less than lead acid batteries of comparable charge capacity, and that will provide up to 3000 charge/discharge cycles before it begins to lose its rated charge capacity.
If you discharge an AGM or Gel lead acid battery by 70% of its rated charge capacity every day, you will need to replace the battery every 300-400 days vs. every 3000 days when using the LFP battery in our system. That’s a 1000% increase in the lifespan of the battery…not to mention that this occurs at half the weight! Powerenz LFP17 utilizes Maximum Power Point Technology (MPPT) solar charging which optimizes the electronic relationship between solar panel and battery. This can accelerate the rate at which your battery can be solar-charged by up to 30% per day. Our solar charging systems are configured specifically for our LFP series of portable solar power systems. This Portable Solar Power System can be carried during events where high power, high energy density and minimal weight are critical. Powerenz LFP20 can provide power for a variety of portable electronic devices that require 12 volts DC up to 15 amps/180 watts, 120 volts AC up to 80 continuous watts, and that can recharge itself in sunlight using the included solar panel. This system is best suited to provide power for virtually all small portable electronic devices, such as cell and satellite phones, communication radios, laptop computers, small battery chargers, night vision systems, LED lighting fixtures, GPS’s, flashlights, and more. The battery assembly, protective circuit boards, solar charge controller, power inverter, wiring, breakers, and accessories are housed inside a water resistant, tactical sling pack. One 36-watt solar panel can be stored in the backpack pocket.
Additional panels may be carried separately. 12-volt DC power is accessible via a female cigarette lighter socket that is protected against over-current by a 15-amp circuit breaker.The Powerenz LFP17 Sling Pack System includes: Battery- rechargeable, 12.8-volt, 17 amp-hour, LFP battery pack that stores 217.6 watt-hours of energy, and that will tolerate > 2000 discharge-charge cycles @ continuous 70% depth of discharge.
A protective circuitry board performs a balancing function on the individual cells of the battery.
The battery can be charged directly from the solar panel using the solar charge controller and custom connector cable, or from the included smart, 3-amp, worldwide 100-240VAC-powered charger for 12.8-volt LiFePO4 battery packs when the grid is available.
The AC recharging time is 6.5 - 7 hours from empty to full. Solar panel – CE and FCC-certified, foldable 36-watt unit in black, green woodland camouflage, or standard army olive drab that weighs 4.3 pounds, and that will require approximately 7 hours of peak sunlight to completely recharge the battery if it is depleted.
The system can handle two of the 36-watt panels, or one 72-watt panel to decrease the time that is required to solar recharge the battery.
The dimensions of the solar panel in inches are 41 x 31 when deployed, and 15.4 x 11.9 x 1.7 when folded.
The solar power input adapter is accessible from the interior of the backpack. Solar Charge Controller –5-amp/65-watt MPPT unit that is configured for 12.8-volt LiFePO4 batteries, and that has a “resting” power consumption of 0.125 milliamps.
Because of the continuous, but small, baseline power draw of the controller, the battery needs to be recharged every 4-8 weeks in order to avoid complete drainage of the battery pack; Backpack – 1000-Denier water and abrasion resistant sling pack that includes: light-weight ballistic nylon fabric,
Teflon® fabric protector for grime resistance and easy maintenance, high strength zippers and zipper tracks, UTX-Duraflex nylon buckles for low sound closures, triple polyurethane coated for water resistance, high tensile strength nylon webbing, high tensile strength composite nylon thread (stronger than ordinary industry standard nylon thread), #AS-100 high grade closed-cell foam padding material for superior shock protection, taped and finished internal seams, Paracord zipper pulls, double stitched stress points, and Backtracked or "Box-and-X" stitches for added strength.
Power Inverter - 12-volt DC to 110-volt AC, 80 continuous watt (100W x 5 minutes; 160W momentary surge), modified sine wave unit that plugs into the 12-volt female DC socket.

 

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